Manufacturing of Fe-Cr-Al weld overlay coatings for high temperature applications

Teemu Sarikka, Risto Ilola, Hannu Hänninen, Rami Pohja, Satu Tuurna

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

    Abstract

    Boiler and tubing materials used in biomass-fired energy production are susceptible to corrosion in severe corrosive environments caused by inorganic constituents such as alkali metals and chlorine at the operating temperatures. Alumina forming alloys have been considered as possible candidates in these applications. In this study, overlay welds with FeCrAl type consumables having a nominal Al content of 5.8% (Kanthal A1) and 10% (prototype consumable) were developed and produced. The overlay welds were manufactured on T22 steel (10CrMo9-10). The overlay welds were made with a single-wire or two-wire GTAW method. Performance of the welds was tested in 168 h potassium chloride (KCl) exposure tests at 600°C in as-welded condition and after 24 h pre-oxidation at 950°C. Aluminium distribution in the welds and the formed oxide layers in the KCl exposure were characterized with SEM. After the exposure tests the oxide scales were mainly iron and chromium oxides in samples of as-welded condition and aluminium oxide in samples of preoxidized condition
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages7
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible
    Event4th International Conference on the Integrity of High Temperature Welds / 9th International Conference on Creep and Fatigue at Elevated Temperatures - London, United Kingdom
    Duration: 25 Sep 201227 Sep 2012

    Conference

    Conference4th International Conference on the Integrity of High Temperature Welds / 9th International Conference on Creep and Fatigue at Elevated Temperatures
    CountryUnited Kingdom
    CityLondon
    Period25/09/1227/09/12

    Fingerprint

    High temperature applications
    Welds
    Coatings
    Oxides
    Wire
    Aluminum
    Alkali metals
    Tubing
    Chlorine
    Boilers
    Potassium
    Chromium
    Biomass
    Alumina
    Corrosion
    Iron
    Oxidation
    Scanning electron microscopy
    Steel
    Temperature

    Keywords

    • Overlay welding
    • Fe-Cr-Al-alloys
    • oxidation

    Cite this

    Sarikka, T., Ilola, R., Hänninen, H., Pohja, R., & Tuurna, S. (2012). Manufacturing of Fe-Cr-Al weld overlay coatings for high temperature applications. Paper presented at 4th International Conference on the Integrity of High Temperature Welds / 9th International Conference on Creep and Fatigue at Elevated Temperatures, London, United Kingdom.
    Sarikka, Teemu ; Ilola, Risto ; Hänninen, Hannu ; Pohja, Rami ; Tuurna, Satu. / Manufacturing of Fe-Cr-Al weld overlay coatings for high temperature applications. Paper presented at 4th International Conference on the Integrity of High Temperature Welds / 9th International Conference on Creep and Fatigue at Elevated Temperatures, London, United Kingdom.7 p.
    @conference{1183006fe0a44c90b53d7b066af90576,
    title = "Manufacturing of Fe-Cr-Al weld overlay coatings for high temperature applications",
    abstract = "Boiler and tubing materials used in biomass-fired energy production are susceptible to corrosion in severe corrosive environments caused by inorganic constituents such as alkali metals and chlorine at the operating temperatures. Alumina forming alloys have been considered as possible candidates in these applications. In this study, overlay welds with FeCrAl type consumables having a nominal Al content of 5.8{\%} (Kanthal A1) and 10{\%} (prototype consumable) were developed and produced. The overlay welds were manufactured on T22 steel (10CrMo9-10). The overlay welds were made with a single-wire or two-wire GTAW method. Performance of the welds was tested in 168 h potassium chloride (KCl) exposure tests at 600°C in as-welded condition and after 24 h pre-oxidation at 950°C. Aluminium distribution in the welds and the formed oxide layers in the KCl exposure were characterized with SEM. After the exposure tests the oxide scales were mainly iron and chromium oxides in samples of as-welded condition and aluminium oxide in samples of preoxidized condition",
    keywords = "Overlay welding, Fe-Cr-Al-alloys, oxidation",
    author = "Teemu Sarikka and Risto Ilola and Hannu H{\"a}nninen and Rami Pohja and Satu Tuurna",
    note = "Project code: 79889 FIMECC/DEMAPP 2012/AMA TEKES/MATEXON ; 4th International Conference on the Integrity of High Temperature Welds / 9th International Conference on Creep and Fatigue at Elevated Temperatures ; Conference date: 25-09-2012 Through 27-09-2012",
    year = "2012",
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    Sarikka, T, Ilola, R, Hänninen, H, Pohja, R & Tuurna, S 2012, 'Manufacturing of Fe-Cr-Al weld overlay coatings for high temperature applications', Paper presented at 4th International Conference on the Integrity of High Temperature Welds / 9th International Conference on Creep and Fatigue at Elevated Temperatures, London, United Kingdom, 25/09/12 - 27/09/12.

    Manufacturing of Fe-Cr-Al weld overlay coatings for high temperature applications. / Sarikka, Teemu; Ilola, Risto; Hänninen, Hannu; Pohja, Rami; Tuurna, Satu.

    2012. Paper presented at 4th International Conference on the Integrity of High Temperature Welds / 9th International Conference on Creep and Fatigue at Elevated Temperatures, London, United Kingdom.

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

    TY - CONF

    T1 - Manufacturing of Fe-Cr-Al weld overlay coatings for high temperature applications

    AU - Sarikka, Teemu

    AU - Ilola, Risto

    AU - Hänninen, Hannu

    AU - Pohja, Rami

    AU - Tuurna, Satu

    N1 - Project code: 79889 FIMECC/DEMAPP 2012/AMA TEKES/MATEXON

    PY - 2012

    Y1 - 2012

    N2 - Boiler and tubing materials used in biomass-fired energy production are susceptible to corrosion in severe corrosive environments caused by inorganic constituents such as alkali metals and chlorine at the operating temperatures. Alumina forming alloys have been considered as possible candidates in these applications. In this study, overlay welds with FeCrAl type consumables having a nominal Al content of 5.8% (Kanthal A1) and 10% (prototype consumable) were developed and produced. The overlay welds were manufactured on T22 steel (10CrMo9-10). The overlay welds were made with a single-wire or two-wire GTAW method. Performance of the welds was tested in 168 h potassium chloride (KCl) exposure tests at 600°C in as-welded condition and after 24 h pre-oxidation at 950°C. Aluminium distribution in the welds and the formed oxide layers in the KCl exposure were characterized with SEM. After the exposure tests the oxide scales were mainly iron and chromium oxides in samples of as-welded condition and aluminium oxide in samples of preoxidized condition

    AB - Boiler and tubing materials used in biomass-fired energy production are susceptible to corrosion in severe corrosive environments caused by inorganic constituents such as alkali metals and chlorine at the operating temperatures. Alumina forming alloys have been considered as possible candidates in these applications. In this study, overlay welds with FeCrAl type consumables having a nominal Al content of 5.8% (Kanthal A1) and 10% (prototype consumable) were developed and produced. The overlay welds were manufactured on T22 steel (10CrMo9-10). The overlay welds were made with a single-wire or two-wire GTAW method. Performance of the welds was tested in 168 h potassium chloride (KCl) exposure tests at 600°C in as-welded condition and after 24 h pre-oxidation at 950°C. Aluminium distribution in the welds and the formed oxide layers in the KCl exposure were characterized with SEM. After the exposure tests the oxide scales were mainly iron and chromium oxides in samples of as-welded condition and aluminium oxide in samples of preoxidized condition

    KW - Overlay welding

    KW - Fe-Cr-Al-alloys

    KW - oxidation

    M3 - Conference article

    ER -

    Sarikka T, Ilola R, Hänninen H, Pohja R, Tuurna S. Manufacturing of Fe-Cr-Al weld overlay coatings for high temperature applications. 2012. Paper presented at 4th International Conference on the Integrity of High Temperature Welds / 9th International Conference on Creep and Fatigue at Elevated Temperatures, London, United Kingdom.