Mapping bioenergy retrofitting in Europe's industry: BIOFIT first results

Patrick Reumerman (Corresponding author), Dominik Rutz, Rainer Janssen, Dina Bacovsky, Arne Gröngröft, Heidi Saastamoinen, Elina Mäki, Emmanouil Karampinis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

1 Citation (Scopus)


Bioenergy has evolved in the last decades from relatively simple heat and power production to a vast array of technologies for advanced biofuel production, intermediate bioenergy carriers, etc. Besides erecting entirely new bioenergy plants, retrofitting-which means replacing a part of a factory or installation with state-of-the-art equipment-is a good alternative to replace fossil fuels, upgrade outdated technology, or produce additional output from biomass. Bioenergy retrofitting provides significant benefits compared to building new plants, notably lower capital expenditure, shorter lead times, faster implementation, and less production time loss. The BIOFIT project ( is a Horizon 2020 project that aims to facilitate the market uptake of bioenergy retrofitting concepts in five specific industrial sectors in Europe, namely first-generation biofuels, pulp and paper, fossil refineries, fossil firing power and Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plants. First results show that the use of bioenergy is already widespread in the target sectors, that retrofitting is actually the dominant mode of implementation, and that there are large differences between countries. A wide spectrum of sector-specific retrofitting options exist and is being implemented, showing high interests in the opportunities from all stakeholders. BIOFIT facilitates this in a variety of ways.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 28th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition
PublisherETA-Florence Renewable Energies
ISBN (Electronic)978-88-89407-20-2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
Event28th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, e-EUBCE 2020: Virtual meeting - Online
Duration: 6 Jul 20209 Jul 2020

Publication series

SeriesEuropean Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings


Conference28th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, e-EUBCE 2020
Abbreviated titlee-EUBCE 2020
Internet address


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement 817999, call topic LC-SC3-2018 ‘Market uptake’ with a total grant of 2.62 million Euros for the timeframe from 01.10.2018 to 31.09.2021.


  • bioenergy
  • retrofitting
  • market uptake
  • industry
  • industrial scale application


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