Market of biomass fuels in Finland: an overview 2013

Antti Karhunen, Tapio Ranta, Jussi Heinimö, Eija Alakangas

    Research output: Book/ReportReport


    This study considered the current situation of solid and liquid biomass fuels in Finland. The fact that the industry consumes more than half of the total primary energy, widely applied combined heat and power production and a high share of solid biomass fuels in the total energy consumption are specific to the Finnish energy system. Wood is the most important source of bioenergy in Finland, representing 25% of total energy consumption in 2013. Wood fuels have been to the most used source of energy, since 2012 before oil. Most of the wood-based energy (64%) is recovered from industrial by-products and residues. As a member of the European Union, Finland has committed itself to the Union's climate and energy targets, such as reducing its overall emissions of greenhouse gases to at least 20% below 1990 levels by 2020, and increasing the share of renewable energy in the gross final consumption. The renewable energy target approved for Finland is 38%. The present National Climate and Energy Strategy was introduced in November 2008 and renewed 2012. The strategy covers climate and energy policy measures up to 2020, and in brief thereafter, up to 2050. In recent years, the actual emissions have met the Kyoto commitment due to the economic recession but the trend of emissions is on the increase. According to Statistics Finland's greenhouse gas emission data, Finland fulfilled its emission reduction commitment for the Kyoto Protocol's first commitment period. The emission for the period 208 to 2012 were 5% below the assigned amount of emissions specified for Finland. In 2013, the share of renewable energy in the gross final energy consumption was approximately 32%. Meeting the targets will need the adoption of more active energy policy measures in coming years. The international trade of biomass fuels has a substantial importance for the utilisation of bioenergy in Finland. In 2013, the total international trading of solid and liquid biomass fuels was approximately 80 PJ, of which import was 67 PJ. The indirect import of wood fuels which takes place within the forest industry's raw wood was 67 PJ in 2013. In 2009, the import of raw wood collapsed, and correspondingly, the indirect import of wood fuels dropped to 23 PJ. In 2004-2008, wood pellets and tall oil formed the majority of export streams of biomass fuels. During 2007-2009, two large biodiesel production units were established in Porvoo, and palm oil and biodiesel have become the largest import and export streams of energy biomass.
    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherLappeenranta University of Technology
    Number of pages41
    ISBN (Print)978-952-265-723-7, 978-952-265-724-4
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

    Publication series

    SeriesLUT Scientific and Expertise Publications: Reports
    VolumeReports 43


    • biomass fuels
    • international trade
    • energy policy
    • Finland


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