Martensitic and inter-martensitic transformations in magnetocaloric Ni2.15Mn0.85Ga Heusler alloy

A. Madiligama, P. Ari-Gur, Y. Ren, V. Shavrov, Yanling Ge, J. George, I. Musabirov, V. Koledov

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    The entropy changes of successive martensitic phase transformations in Ni-Mn-Ga Heusler alloys can be utilized to realize enhanced magnetocaloric properties. A detailed study of phase transformations of one such alloy, Ni2.15Mn0.85Ga, (ΔQ = 4900 J/kg at 343 K, under 140 kOe), is reported here. Upon cooling, the paramagnetic cubic (L21) austenitic phase transforms into a ferromagnetic 7M modulated monoclinic martensitic phase. This phase is stable in a narrow temperature range, and upon further cooling, transforms into a non-modulated ferromagnetic tetragonal (L10) phase. The separation between the equilibrium temperatures of the austenitic and tetragonal martensitic phases is only ~50 K. The alloy undergoes reversible temperature-induced martensitic and inter-martensitic phase transformations with thermal hysteresis of about 25 K. The conclusions from the detailed study of the phase transformations lead to new possibilities to enhance the magnetocaloric effect by utilizing the entropy associated with multi-structural transformations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number2502006
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Cooling
    • Diffraction
    • Gallium
    • Magnetic hysteresis
    • Manganese
    • Metals
    • Multi-Structural Transformations
    • Ni-Mn-Ga Heusler Alloys
    • Nickel
    • Thermal hysteresis


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