Mass and trace element size distributions of aerosols emitted by a hospital refuse incinerator

Esko Kauppinen, Tuomo Pakkanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Mass and elemental size distributions of hospital refuse incineration aerosols were measured in the aerodynamic particle size range 0.02–17 μm with an in-stack compressible flow, low pressure impactor. Oil was used as a supplementary fuel in the refuse combustion process and flue gases were cleaned with a cyclone. Mass size distributions were bimodal.
The geometric aerodynamic mean diameter of the fine mode varied between 0.1 and 0.2 μm and the corresponding coarse mode mean between 6 and 10 μm. Mg, Al, Cl, Ti and Fe were found only in coarse mode particles. Elemental size distributions of Na, K, Zn, Cd, Pb and S were bimodal.
Over 90% of the particle phase of S, 20–80% of Zn, 62–77% of Cd and 7–74% of Pb, respectively, were found in the fine mode particles.
This existence of the fine mode peak in the size distributions of Na, K, Zn, Cd, Pb and S indicates that at least part of these elements vaporizes during the refuse incineration process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-429
JournalAtmospheric Environment Part A: General Topics
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

refuse
trace element
aerosol
incineration
aerodynamics
compressible flow
cyclone
low pressure
combustion
particle size
incinerator
hospital
oil
particle

Keywords

  • aerosols

Cite this

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title = "Mass and trace element size distributions of aerosols emitted by a hospital refuse incinerator",
abstract = "Mass and elemental size distributions of hospital refuse incineration aerosols were measured in the aerodynamic particle size range 0.02–17 μm with an in-stack compressible flow, low pressure impactor. Oil was used as a supplementary fuel in the refuse combustion process and flue gases were cleaned with a cyclone. Mass size distributions were bimodal. The geometric aerodynamic mean diameter of the fine mode varied between 0.1 and 0.2 μm and the corresponding coarse mode mean between 6 and 10 μm. Mg, Al, Cl, Ti and Fe were found only in coarse mode particles. Elemental size distributions of Na, K, Zn, Cd, Pb and S were bimodal. Over 90{\%} of the particle phase of S, 20–80{\%} of Zn, 62–77{\%} of Cd and 7–74{\%} of Pb, respectively, were found in the fine mode particles. This existence of the fine mode peak in the size distributions of Na, K, Zn, Cd, Pb and S indicates that at least part of these elements vaporizes during the refuse incineration process.",
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Mass and trace element size distributions of aerosols emitted by a hospital refuse incinerator. / Kauppinen, Esko; Pakkanen, Tuomo.

In: Atmospheric Environment Part A: General Topics, Vol. 24, No. 2, 1990, p. 423-429.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mass and trace element size distributions of aerosols emitted by a hospital refuse incinerator

AU - Kauppinen, Esko

AU - Pakkanen, Tuomo

PY - 1990

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N2 - Mass and elemental size distributions of hospital refuse incineration aerosols were measured in the aerodynamic particle size range 0.02–17 μm with an in-stack compressible flow, low pressure impactor. Oil was used as a supplementary fuel in the refuse combustion process and flue gases were cleaned with a cyclone. Mass size distributions were bimodal. The geometric aerodynamic mean diameter of the fine mode varied between 0.1 and 0.2 μm and the corresponding coarse mode mean between 6 and 10 μm. Mg, Al, Cl, Ti and Fe were found only in coarse mode particles. Elemental size distributions of Na, K, Zn, Cd, Pb and S were bimodal. Over 90% of the particle phase of S, 20–80% of Zn, 62–77% of Cd and 7–74% of Pb, respectively, were found in the fine mode particles. This existence of the fine mode peak in the size distributions of Na, K, Zn, Cd, Pb and S indicates that at least part of these elements vaporizes during the refuse incineration process.

AB - Mass and elemental size distributions of hospital refuse incineration aerosols were measured in the aerodynamic particle size range 0.02–17 μm with an in-stack compressible flow, low pressure impactor. Oil was used as a supplementary fuel in the refuse combustion process and flue gases were cleaned with a cyclone. Mass size distributions were bimodal. The geometric aerodynamic mean diameter of the fine mode varied between 0.1 and 0.2 μm and the corresponding coarse mode mean between 6 and 10 μm. Mg, Al, Cl, Ti and Fe were found only in coarse mode particles. Elemental size distributions of Na, K, Zn, Cd, Pb and S were bimodal. Over 90% of the particle phase of S, 20–80% of Zn, 62–77% of Cd and 7–74% of Pb, respectively, were found in the fine mode particles. This existence of the fine mode peak in the size distributions of Na, K, Zn, Cd, Pb and S indicates that at least part of these elements vaporizes during the refuse incineration process.

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