Master curve analysis of the "Euro" fracture toughness dataset

Kim Wallin (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

179 Citations (Scopus)


Brittle fracture in the ductile to brittle transition regime is connected with specimen size effects and – more importantly – tremendous scatter of fracture toughness, which the technical community is currently becoming increasingly aware of. The size effects have the consequence that fracture toughness data obtained from small laboratory specimens do not directly describe the fracture behavior of real flawed structures.
Intensive research has been conducted in the last decade in order to overcome these problems. Different approaches have been developed and proposed, one of the most promising being the master curve method, developed at VTT Manufacturing Technology.

For validation purposes, a large nuclear grade pressure vessel forging 22NiMoCr37 (A508 Cl.2) has been extensively characterized with fracture toughness testing. The tests have been performed on standard geometry CT-specimens having thickness 12.5, 25, 50 and 100 mm.
The a/W ratio is close to 0.6 for all specimens. One set of specimens had 20% side-grooves. The obtained data consists of a total of 757 results fulfilling the ESIS-P2 test method validity requirements with respect to pre-fatigue crack shape and the ASTM E-1921 pre-fatigue load.
The master curve statistical analysis method is meticulously applied on the data, in order to verify the validity of the method. Based on the analysis it can be concluded that the validity of all the assumptions in the master curve method is confirmed for this material.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-481
JournalEngineering Fracture Mechanics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2002
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • master curve
  • fracture toughness
  • brittle fracture
  • statistical analysis
  • 22NiMoCr37


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