Material Efficiency of Building Construction

Antti Ruuska (Corresponding Author), Tarja Häkkinen (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Better construction and use of buildings in the European Union would influence 42% of final energy consumption, about 35% of our greenhouse gas emissions and more than 50% of all extracted materials. It could also help to save up to 30% of water consumption. This paper outlines and draws conclusions about different aspects of the material efficiency of buildings and assesses the significance of different building materials on the material efficiency. The research uses an extensive literature study and a case-study in order to assess: should the depletion of materials be ignored in the environmental or sustainability assessment of buildings, are the related effects on land use, energy use and/or harmful emissions significant, should related indicators (such as GHGs) be used to indicate the material efficiency of buildings, and what is the significance of scarce materials, compared to the use of other building materials. This research suggests that the material efficiency should focus on the significant global impacts of material efficiency; not on the individual factors of it. At present global warming and greenhouse gas emissions are among the biggest global problems on which material efficiency has a direct impact on. Therefore, this paper suggests that greenhouse gas emissions could be used as an indicator for material efficiency in building
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)266-294
Number of pages28
JournalBuildings
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Global warming
Land use
Sustainable development
Energy utilization
Water

Keywords

  • material efficiency
  • resource efficiency
  • energy efficiency
  • building
  • construction
  • land-use
  • life-cycle
  • case-study
  • greenhouse gas
  • abiotic resource depletion

Cite this

Ruuska, Antti ; Häkkinen, Tarja. / Material Efficiency of Building Construction. In: Buildings. 2014 ; Vol. 4, No. 3. pp. 266-294.
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title = "Material Efficiency of Building Construction",
abstract = "Better construction and use of buildings in the European Union would influence 42{\%} of final energy consumption, about 35{\%} of our greenhouse gas emissions and more than 50{\%} of all extracted materials. It could also help to save up to 30{\%} of water consumption. This paper outlines and draws conclusions about different aspects of the material efficiency of buildings and assesses the significance of different building materials on the material efficiency. The research uses an extensive literature study and a case-study in order to assess: should the depletion of materials be ignored in the environmental or sustainability assessment of buildings, are the related effects on land use, energy use and/or harmful emissions significant, should related indicators (such as GHGs) be used to indicate the material efficiency of buildings, and what is the significance of scarce materials, compared to the use of other building materials. This research suggests that the material efficiency should focus on the significant global impacts of material efficiency; not on the individual factors of it. At present global warming and greenhouse gas emissions are among the biggest global problems on which material efficiency has a direct impact on. Therefore, this paper suggests that greenhouse gas emissions could be used as an indicator for material efficiency in building",
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Ruuska, A & Häkkinen, T 2014, 'Material Efficiency of Building Construction', Buildings, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 266-294. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings4030266

Material Efficiency of Building Construction. / Ruuska, Antti (Corresponding Author); Häkkinen, Tarja (Corresponding Author).

In: Buildings, Vol. 4, No. 3, 2014, p. 266-294.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Material Efficiency of Building Construction

AU - Ruuska, Antti

AU - Häkkinen, Tarja

PY - 2014

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AB - Better construction and use of buildings in the European Union would influence 42% of final energy consumption, about 35% of our greenhouse gas emissions and more than 50% of all extracted materials. It could also help to save up to 30% of water consumption. This paper outlines and draws conclusions about different aspects of the material efficiency of buildings and assesses the significance of different building materials on the material efficiency. The research uses an extensive literature study and a case-study in order to assess: should the depletion of materials be ignored in the environmental or sustainability assessment of buildings, are the related effects on land use, energy use and/or harmful emissions significant, should related indicators (such as GHGs) be used to indicate the material efficiency of buildings, and what is the significance of scarce materials, compared to the use of other building materials. This research suggests that the material efficiency should focus on the significant global impacts of material efficiency; not on the individual factors of it. At present global warming and greenhouse gas emissions are among the biggest global problems on which material efficiency has a direct impact on. Therefore, this paper suggests that greenhouse gas emissions could be used as an indicator for material efficiency in building

KW - material efficiency

KW - resource efficiency

KW - energy efficiency

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KW - construction

KW - land-use

KW - life-cycle

KW - case-study

KW - greenhouse gas

KW - abiotic resource depletion

U2 - 10.3390/buildings4030266

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