Material properties and water resistance of inorganic–organic polymer coated cellulose paper and nanopaper

Amalie Solberg, Jennifer Zehner, Ferdinand Somorowsky, Klaus Rose, Antti Korpela, Kristin Syverud (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Cellulose-based materials represent a renewable, biodegradable, and environmentally friendly alternative to plastic from fossil resources. Nanopaper is a strong and lightweight material formed from cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs). Paper and nanopaper have been considered as excellent alternatives to plastics for use in agriculture and for packaging applications. However, common for both paper and nanopaper is their hydrophilic character, and consequently, poor water-resistance properties. ORMOCER®s are a class of inorganic–organic polymers with excellent barrier and protective properties used for a range of coating applications. Here we present ORMOCER®-coated paper and nanopaper. The coated papers and nanopapers are characterized, both in terms of their morphology, hydrophobicity, and mechanical properties. We demonstrate that the pressure used during the pressing and drying of paper and nanopaper influence their tear and tensile—properties, and that the morphology of the coated nanopaper differs significantly from that of the coated paper. While the ORMOCER® was impregnated within the porous network of the paper, a well-defined two-layered morphology was obtained with the coated nanopaper. Further, the biodegradability of the nanopaper with and without coating was assessed. The degradation study demonstrated that both the pressure used during the pressing and drying of the nanopaper, and the composition of the ORMOCER®, influenced the rate of degradation. Taken together, ORMOCER®-coated paper and nanopaper are promising for the preparation of materials that are both water-resistant, renewable, and biodegradable.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCellulose
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Cellulose
  • Hydrophobic coating
  • Nanopaper
  • Organic–inorganic polymers
  • Paper
  • Tunable biodegradation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Material properties and water resistance of inorganic–organic polymer coated cellulose paper and nanopaper'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this