Materials implications for maintenance of gas turbines

Pertti Auerkari, Liisa Heikinheimo, Jorma Salonen, Toivo Lepistö

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Gas turbines are the essential components in modern gas fired combined cycle and CHP plants, as well as in simple cycle peaking or reserve plants in addition to aircraft engines. In power applications, plants using gas turbines show an attractive combination of cycle efficiency and environmental benefit, with good potential for further development to retain their competitive position. Further increase of gas turbine plants in the share of the power market may be mostly limited at least regionally by access to natural gas of required quantity and price. However, another characteristic feature of gas turbines is their high maintenance cost, mainly due to the short life cycles and considerable spare part cost of the hot path components. Apart from the advances in structural design and cooling techniques, one of the key developments towards efficient gas turbines has required materials that can withstand the severe service conditions of the hot path. These service conditions also limit the life or reconditioning periods of the major components. In theory, new materials and other advances could be applied to extend the component reconditioning and replacement life and to decrease the maintenance cost of gas turbines. In reality much of the materials development has aimed to improve the cycle efficiency, while the design life of coatings and base materials of the hot path has remained nearly constant. This paper reviews some implications of the materials development and the consequences for the maintenance of the hot section of gas turbines. Life limiting damage mechanisms such as creep, thermal fatigue and corrosion/oxidation are greatly accelerated by increasing the peak temperatures. The observed relatively steady lifetimes or reconditioning periods in spite of the increasing temperatures suggest overall success in improving reliability, at least for turbines which are not at their early stages of development.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication BALTICA V
Subtitle of host publicationCondition and Life Management for Power Plants
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages89-98
Volume1
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-5715-8
ISBN (Print)951-38-5714-X
Publication statusPublished - 2001
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventBALTICA V - Condition and Life Management for Power Plants - Porvoo, Finland
Duration: 6 Jun 20018 Jun 2001

Publication series

SeriesVTT Symposium
Number211
ISSN0357-9387

Conference

ConferenceBALTICA V - Condition and Life Management for Power Plants
Abbreviated titleBaltica V
CountryFinland
CityPorvoo
Period6/06/018/06/01

Fingerprint

Gas turbines
Costs
Thermal fatigue
Aircraft engines
Structural design
Life cycle
Natural gas
Creep
Turbines
Corrosion
Cooling
Coatings
Oxidation
Temperature
Gases

Cite this

Auerkari, P., Heikinheimo, L., Salonen, J., & Lepistö, T. (2001). Materials implications for maintenance of gas turbines. In BALTICA V: Condition and Life Management for Power Plants (Vol. 1, pp. 89-98). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 211
Auerkari, Pertti ; Heikinheimo, Liisa ; Salonen, Jorma ; Lepistö, Toivo. / Materials implications for maintenance of gas turbines. BALTICA V: Condition and Life Management for Power Plants. Vol. 1 Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2001. pp. 89-98 (VTT Symposium; No. 211).
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Auerkari, P, Heikinheimo, L, Salonen, J & Lepistö, T 2001, Materials implications for maintenance of gas turbines. in BALTICA V: Condition and Life Management for Power Plants. vol. 1, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Symposium, no. 211, pp. 89-98, BALTICA V - Condition and Life Management for Power Plants, Porvoo, Finland, 6/06/01.

Materials implications for maintenance of gas turbines. / Auerkari, Pertti; Heikinheimo, Liisa; Salonen, Jorma; Lepistö, Toivo.

BALTICA V: Condition and Life Management for Power Plants. Vol. 1 Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2001. p. 89-98 (VTT Symposium; No. 211).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Materials implications for maintenance of gas turbines

AU - Auerkari, Pertti

AU - Heikinheimo, Liisa

AU - Salonen, Jorma

AU - Lepistö, Toivo

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Gas turbines are the essential components in modern gas fired combined cycle and CHP plants, as well as in simple cycle peaking or reserve plants in addition to aircraft engines. In power applications, plants using gas turbines show an attractive combination of cycle efficiency and environmental benefit, with good potential for further development to retain their competitive position. Further increase of gas turbine plants in the share of the power market may be mostly limited at least regionally by access to natural gas of required quantity and price. However, another characteristic feature of gas turbines is their high maintenance cost, mainly due to the short life cycles and considerable spare part cost of the hot path components. Apart from the advances in structural design and cooling techniques, one of the key developments towards efficient gas turbines has required materials that can withstand the severe service conditions of the hot path. These service conditions also limit the life or reconditioning periods of the major components. In theory, new materials and other advances could be applied to extend the component reconditioning and replacement life and to decrease the maintenance cost of gas turbines. In reality much of the materials development has aimed to improve the cycle efficiency, while the design life of coatings and base materials of the hot path has remained nearly constant. This paper reviews some implications of the materials development and the consequences for the maintenance of the hot section of gas turbines. Life limiting damage mechanisms such as creep, thermal fatigue and corrosion/oxidation are greatly accelerated by increasing the peak temperatures. The observed relatively steady lifetimes or reconditioning periods in spite of the increasing temperatures suggest overall success in improving reliability, at least for turbines which are not at their early stages of development.

AB - Gas turbines are the essential components in modern gas fired combined cycle and CHP plants, as well as in simple cycle peaking or reserve plants in addition to aircraft engines. In power applications, plants using gas turbines show an attractive combination of cycle efficiency and environmental benefit, with good potential for further development to retain their competitive position. Further increase of gas turbine plants in the share of the power market may be mostly limited at least regionally by access to natural gas of required quantity and price. However, another characteristic feature of gas turbines is their high maintenance cost, mainly due to the short life cycles and considerable spare part cost of the hot path components. Apart from the advances in structural design and cooling techniques, one of the key developments towards efficient gas turbines has required materials that can withstand the severe service conditions of the hot path. These service conditions also limit the life or reconditioning periods of the major components. In theory, new materials and other advances could be applied to extend the component reconditioning and replacement life and to decrease the maintenance cost of gas turbines. In reality much of the materials development has aimed to improve the cycle efficiency, while the design life of coatings and base materials of the hot path has remained nearly constant. This paper reviews some implications of the materials development and the consequences for the maintenance of the hot section of gas turbines. Life limiting damage mechanisms such as creep, thermal fatigue and corrosion/oxidation are greatly accelerated by increasing the peak temperatures. The observed relatively steady lifetimes or reconditioning periods in spite of the increasing temperatures suggest overall success in improving reliability, at least for turbines which are not at their early stages of development.

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 951-38-5714-X

VL - 1

T3 - VTT Symposium

SP - 89

EP - 98

BT - BALTICA V

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Auerkari P, Heikinheimo L, Salonen J, Lepistö T. Materials implications for maintenance of gas turbines. In BALTICA V: Condition and Life Management for Power Plants. Vol. 1. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2001. p. 89-98. (VTT Symposium; No. 211).