Materials implications for maintenance of gas turbines

Pertti Auerkari, Liisa Heikinheimo, Jorma Salonen, Toivo Lepistö

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Gas turbines are the essential components in modern gas fired combined cycle and CHP plants, as well as in simple cycle peaking or reserve plants in addition to aircraft engines. In power applications, plants using gas turbines show an attractive combination of cycle efficiency and environmental benefit, with good potential for further development to retain their competitive position. Further increase of gas turbine plants in the share of the power market may be mostly limited at least regionally by access to natural gas of required quantity and price. However, another characteristic feature of gas turbines is their high maintenance cost, mainly due to the short life cycles and considerable spare part cost of the hot path components. Apart from the advances in structural design and cooling techniques, one of the key developments towards efficient gas turbines has required materials that can withstand the severe service conditions of the hot path. These service conditions also limit the life or reconditioning periods of the major components. In theory, new materials and other advances could be applied to extend the component reconditioning and replacement life and to decrease the maintenance cost of gas turbines. In reality much of the materials development has aimed to improve the cycle efficiency, while the design life of coatings and base materials of the hot path has remained nearly constant. This paper reviews some implications of the materials development and the consequences for the maintenance of the hot section of gas turbines. Life limiting damage mechanisms such as creep, thermal fatigue and corrosion/oxidation are greatly accelerated by increasing the peak temperatures. The observed relatively steady lifetimes or reconditioning periods in spite of the increasing temperatures suggest overall success in improving reliability, at least for turbines which are not at their early stages of development.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication BALTICA V
    Subtitle of host publicationCondition and Life Management for Power Plants
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Pages89-98
    Volume1
    ISBN (Electronic)951-38-5715-8
    ISBN (Print)951-38-5714-X
    Publication statusPublished - 2001
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventBALTICA V - Condition and Life Management for Power Plants - Porvoo, Finland
    Duration: 6 Jun 20018 Jun 2001

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Symposium
    Number211
    ISSN0357-9387

    Conference

    ConferenceBALTICA V - Condition and Life Management for Power Plants
    Abbreviated titleBaltica V
    CountryFinland
    CityPorvoo
    Period6/06/018/06/01

    Fingerprint

    Gas turbines
    Costs
    Thermal fatigue
    Aircraft engines
    Structural design
    Life cycle
    Natural gas
    Creep
    Turbines
    Corrosion
    Cooling
    Coatings
    Oxidation
    Temperature
    Gases

    Cite this

    Auerkari, P., Heikinheimo, L., Salonen, J., & Lepistö, T. (2001). Materials implications for maintenance of gas turbines. In BALTICA V: Condition and Life Management for Power Plants (Vol. 1, pp. 89-98). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 211
    Auerkari, Pertti ; Heikinheimo, Liisa ; Salonen, Jorma ; Lepistö, Toivo. / Materials implications for maintenance of gas turbines. BALTICA V: Condition and Life Management for Power Plants. Vol. 1 Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2001. pp. 89-98 (VTT Symposium; No. 211).
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    title = "Materials implications for maintenance of gas turbines",
    abstract = "Gas turbines are the essential components in modern gas fired combined cycle and CHP plants, as well as in simple cycle peaking or reserve plants in addition to aircraft engines. In power applications, plants using gas turbines show an attractive combination of cycle efficiency and environmental benefit, with good potential for further development to retain their competitive position. Further increase of gas turbine plants in the share of the power market may be mostly limited at least regionally by access to natural gas of required quantity and price. However, another characteristic feature of gas turbines is their high maintenance cost, mainly due to the short life cycles and considerable spare part cost of the hot path components. Apart from the advances in structural design and cooling techniques, one of the key developments towards efficient gas turbines has required materials that can withstand the severe service conditions of the hot path. These service conditions also limit the life or reconditioning periods of the major components. In theory, new materials and other advances could be applied to extend the component reconditioning and replacement life and to decrease the maintenance cost of gas turbines. In reality much of the materials development has aimed to improve the cycle efficiency, while the design life of coatings and base materials of the hot path has remained nearly constant. This paper reviews some implications of the materials development and the consequences for the maintenance of the hot section of gas turbines. Life limiting damage mechanisms such as creep, thermal fatigue and corrosion/oxidation are greatly accelerated by increasing the peak temperatures. The observed relatively steady lifetimes or reconditioning periods in spite of the increasing temperatures suggest overall success in improving reliability, at least for turbines which are not at their early stages of development.",
    author = "Pertti Auerkari and Liisa Heikinheimo and Jorma Salonen and Toivo Lepist{\"o}",
    year = "2001",
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    Auerkari, P, Heikinheimo, L, Salonen, J & Lepistö, T 2001, Materials implications for maintenance of gas turbines. in BALTICA V: Condition and Life Management for Power Plants. vol. 1, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Symposium, no. 211, pp. 89-98, BALTICA V - Condition and Life Management for Power Plants, Porvoo, Finland, 6/06/01.

    Materials implications for maintenance of gas turbines. / Auerkari, Pertti; Heikinheimo, Liisa; Salonen, Jorma; Lepistö, Toivo.

    BALTICA V: Condition and Life Management for Power Plants. Vol. 1 Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2001. p. 89-98 (VTT Symposium; No. 211).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Materials implications for maintenance of gas turbines

    AU - Auerkari, Pertti

    AU - Heikinheimo, Liisa

    AU - Salonen, Jorma

    AU - Lepistö, Toivo

    PY - 2001

    Y1 - 2001

    N2 - Gas turbines are the essential components in modern gas fired combined cycle and CHP plants, as well as in simple cycle peaking or reserve plants in addition to aircraft engines. In power applications, plants using gas turbines show an attractive combination of cycle efficiency and environmental benefit, with good potential for further development to retain their competitive position. Further increase of gas turbine plants in the share of the power market may be mostly limited at least regionally by access to natural gas of required quantity and price. However, another characteristic feature of gas turbines is their high maintenance cost, mainly due to the short life cycles and considerable spare part cost of the hot path components. Apart from the advances in structural design and cooling techniques, one of the key developments towards efficient gas turbines has required materials that can withstand the severe service conditions of the hot path. These service conditions also limit the life or reconditioning periods of the major components. In theory, new materials and other advances could be applied to extend the component reconditioning and replacement life and to decrease the maintenance cost of gas turbines. In reality much of the materials development has aimed to improve the cycle efficiency, while the design life of coatings and base materials of the hot path has remained nearly constant. This paper reviews some implications of the materials development and the consequences for the maintenance of the hot section of gas turbines. Life limiting damage mechanisms such as creep, thermal fatigue and corrosion/oxidation are greatly accelerated by increasing the peak temperatures. The observed relatively steady lifetimes or reconditioning periods in spite of the increasing temperatures suggest overall success in improving reliability, at least for turbines which are not at their early stages of development.

    AB - Gas turbines are the essential components in modern gas fired combined cycle and CHP plants, as well as in simple cycle peaking or reserve plants in addition to aircraft engines. In power applications, plants using gas turbines show an attractive combination of cycle efficiency and environmental benefit, with good potential for further development to retain their competitive position. Further increase of gas turbine plants in the share of the power market may be mostly limited at least regionally by access to natural gas of required quantity and price. However, another characteristic feature of gas turbines is their high maintenance cost, mainly due to the short life cycles and considerable spare part cost of the hot path components. Apart from the advances in structural design and cooling techniques, one of the key developments towards efficient gas turbines has required materials that can withstand the severe service conditions of the hot path. These service conditions also limit the life or reconditioning periods of the major components. In theory, new materials and other advances could be applied to extend the component reconditioning and replacement life and to decrease the maintenance cost of gas turbines. In reality much of the materials development has aimed to improve the cycle efficiency, while the design life of coatings and base materials of the hot path has remained nearly constant. This paper reviews some implications of the materials development and the consequences for the maintenance of the hot section of gas turbines. Life limiting damage mechanisms such as creep, thermal fatigue and corrosion/oxidation are greatly accelerated by increasing the peak temperatures. The observed relatively steady lifetimes or reconditioning periods in spite of the increasing temperatures suggest overall success in improving reliability, at least for turbines which are not at their early stages of development.

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    SN - 951-38-5714-X

    VL - 1

    T3 - VTT Symposium

    SP - 89

    EP - 98

    BT - BALTICA V

    PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

    CY - Espoo

    ER -

    Auerkari P, Heikinheimo L, Salonen J, Lepistö T. Materials implications for maintenance of gas turbines. In BALTICA V: Condition and Life Management for Power Plants. Vol. 1. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2001. p. 89-98. (VTT Symposium; No. 211).