Measurement and characterization of released fission products from the deposits on the RCS wall surface in severe accident conditions

Mélany Gouëllo, Jarmo Kalilainen, Pekka Rantanen, Teemu Kärkelä, Ari Auvinen

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

Abstract

The assessment of fission products and structural materials release due to reactions on the surfaces of the primary circuit is essential for nuclear safety research, objective being that their effects could be incorporated in accident analyses. Total fuel inventory of iodine, its short half-life and its radiotoxicity make iodine one of the most important fission products in the context of reactor safety. Consequently, understanding its behavior under severe accident transient conditions is a major point in the optimization of the accident management and mitigation. In order to improve the modelling of iodine chemistry in the primary circuit, an experimental facility has been specially designed at VTT for studying iodine transport experiments. It allows the study of released fission products from the deposits on the RCS wall surface in severe accident conditions. The measuring technology is sophisticated and unique in the field of aerosol research. On-line measurement devices provide information as for the size distribution of the transported aerosol particles using a Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS) as well as with Electric Low Pressure Impactor (ELPI). Aerosol concentration is monitored by Tapered Element Oscillating Microbalance (TEOM). Moreover, efforts are underway to measure and identify chemical species of iodine. Although fraction of release gaseous iodine is the main goal, speciation of gaseous iodine is a key point for validation of the models in computer codes, notably because it can solve the question of possible kinetic limitations. In that purpose, one takes advantage of properties of iodine by trapping it in different solutions, characterized by a combination of analytical techniques (ICP-MS, UV-visible, ITP-CE).
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event6th International Symposium on Application of Chemical and Analytical Technologies in Nuclear Industries, Nu-ACT 2014 - Daejeon, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
Duration: 25 Sep 201426 Sep 2014
Conference number: 6

Conference

Conference6th International Symposium on Application of Chemical and Analytical Technologies in Nuclear Industries, Nu-ACT 2014
Abbreviated titleNu-ACT 2014
CountryKorea, Democratic People's Republic of
CityDaejeon
Period25/09/1426/09/14

Fingerprint

Fission products
Iodine
Accidents
Deposits
Aerosols
Particles (particulate matter)
Networks (circuits)
Scanning
Kinetics

Keywords

  • fission products
  • RCS
  • nuclear sever accident

Cite this

Gouëllo, M., Kalilainen, J., Rantanen, P., Kärkelä, T., & Auvinen, A. (2014). Measurement and characterization of released fission products from the deposits on the RCS wall surface in severe accident conditions. Paper presented at 6th International Symposium on Application of Chemical and Analytical Technologies in Nuclear Industries, Nu-ACT 2014, Daejeon, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of.
Gouëllo, Mélany ; Kalilainen, Jarmo ; Rantanen, Pekka ; Kärkelä, Teemu ; Auvinen, Ari. / Measurement and characterization of released fission products from the deposits on the RCS wall surface in severe accident conditions. Paper presented at 6th International Symposium on Application of Chemical and Analytical Technologies in Nuclear Industries, Nu-ACT 2014, Daejeon, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of.1 p.
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Gouëllo, M, Kalilainen, J, Rantanen, P, Kärkelä, T & Auvinen, A 2014, 'Measurement and characterization of released fission products from the deposits on the RCS wall surface in severe accident conditions' Paper presented at 6th International Symposium on Application of Chemical and Analytical Technologies in Nuclear Industries, Nu-ACT 2014, Daejeon, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of, 25/09/14 - 26/09/14, .

Measurement and characterization of released fission products from the deposits on the RCS wall surface in severe accident conditions. / Gouëllo, Mélany; Kalilainen, Jarmo; Rantanen, Pekka; Kärkelä, Teemu; Auvinen, Ari.

2014. Paper presented at 6th International Symposium on Application of Chemical and Analytical Technologies in Nuclear Industries, Nu-ACT 2014, Daejeon, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

TY - CONF

T1 - Measurement and characterization of released fission products from the deposits on the RCS wall surface in severe accident conditions

AU - Gouëllo, Mélany

AU - Kalilainen, Jarmo

AU - Rantanen, Pekka

AU - Kärkelä, Teemu

AU - Auvinen, Ari

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The assessment of fission products and structural materials release due to reactions on the surfaces of the primary circuit is essential for nuclear safety research, objective being that their effects could be incorporated in accident analyses. Total fuel inventory of iodine, its short half-life and its radiotoxicity make iodine one of the most important fission products in the context of reactor safety. Consequently, understanding its behavior under severe accident transient conditions is a major point in the optimization of the accident management and mitigation. In order to improve the modelling of iodine chemistry in the primary circuit, an experimental facility has been specially designed at VTT for studying iodine transport experiments. It allows the study of released fission products from the deposits on the RCS wall surface in severe accident conditions. The measuring technology is sophisticated and unique in the field of aerosol research. On-line measurement devices provide information as for the size distribution of the transported aerosol particles using a Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS) as well as with Electric Low Pressure Impactor (ELPI). Aerosol concentration is monitored by Tapered Element Oscillating Microbalance (TEOM). Moreover, efforts are underway to measure and identify chemical species of iodine. Although fraction of release gaseous iodine is the main goal, speciation of gaseous iodine is a key point for validation of the models in computer codes, notably because it can solve the question of possible kinetic limitations. In that purpose, one takes advantage of properties of iodine by trapping it in different solutions, characterized by a combination of analytical techniques (ICP-MS, UV-visible, ITP-CE).

AB - The assessment of fission products and structural materials release due to reactions on the surfaces of the primary circuit is essential for nuclear safety research, objective being that their effects could be incorporated in accident analyses. Total fuel inventory of iodine, its short half-life and its radiotoxicity make iodine one of the most important fission products in the context of reactor safety. Consequently, understanding its behavior under severe accident transient conditions is a major point in the optimization of the accident management and mitigation. In order to improve the modelling of iodine chemistry in the primary circuit, an experimental facility has been specially designed at VTT for studying iodine transport experiments. It allows the study of released fission products from the deposits on the RCS wall surface in severe accident conditions. The measuring technology is sophisticated and unique in the field of aerosol research. On-line measurement devices provide information as for the size distribution of the transported aerosol particles using a Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS) as well as with Electric Low Pressure Impactor (ELPI). Aerosol concentration is monitored by Tapered Element Oscillating Microbalance (TEOM). Moreover, efforts are underway to measure and identify chemical species of iodine. Although fraction of release gaseous iodine is the main goal, speciation of gaseous iodine is a key point for validation of the models in computer codes, notably because it can solve the question of possible kinetic limitations. In that purpose, one takes advantage of properties of iodine by trapping it in different solutions, characterized by a combination of analytical techniques (ICP-MS, UV-visible, ITP-CE).

KW - fission products

KW - RCS

KW - nuclear sever accident

M3 - Conference article

ER -

Gouëllo M, Kalilainen J, Rantanen P, Kärkelä T, Auvinen A. Measurement and characterization of released fission products from the deposits on the RCS wall surface in severe accident conditions. 2014. Paper presented at 6th International Symposium on Application of Chemical and Analytical Technologies in Nuclear Industries, Nu-ACT 2014, Daejeon, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of.