Measurement of biocarbon in flue gases using 14C

Kai Hämäläinen, Högne Jungner, Olli Antson, Jaakko Räsänen, Kauko Tormonen, Johannes Roine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A preliminary investigation of the biocarbon fraction in carbon dioxide emissions of power plants using both fossil and biobased fuels is presented. Calculation of the biocarbon fraction is based on radiocarbon content measured in power plant flue gases. Samples were collected directly from the chimneys into plastic sampling bags. The 14C content in CO2 was measured by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). Flue gases from power plants that use natural gas, coal, wood chips, bark, plywood residue, sludge from the pulp factory, peat, and recovered fuel were measured. Among the selected plants, there was one that used only fossil fuel and one that used only biofuel; the other investigated plants burned mixtures of fuels. The results show that 14C measurement provides the possibility to determinate the ratio of bio and fossil fuel burned in power plants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-330
JournalRadiocarbon
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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power plant
biofuel
fossil fuel
accelerator mass spectrometry
bark
peat
natural gas
carbon dioxide
plastic
sludge
fossil
coal
flue gas
Gas
sampling
Fossil

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Hämäläinen, K., Jungner, H., Antson, O., Räsänen, J., Tormonen, K., & Roine, J. (2007). Measurement of biocarbon in flue gases using 14C. Radiocarbon, 49(2), 325-330. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033822200042259
Hämäläinen, Kai ; Jungner, Högne ; Antson, Olli ; Räsänen, Jaakko ; Tormonen, Kauko ; Roine, Johannes. / Measurement of biocarbon in flue gases using 14C. In: Radiocarbon. 2007 ; Vol. 49, No. 2. pp. 325-330.
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abstract = "A preliminary investigation of the biocarbon fraction in carbon dioxide emissions of power plants using both fossil and biobased fuels is presented. Calculation of the biocarbon fraction is based on radiocarbon content measured in power plant flue gases. Samples were collected directly from the chimneys into plastic sampling bags. The 14C content in CO2 was measured by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). Flue gases from power plants that use natural gas, coal, wood chips, bark, plywood residue, sludge from the pulp factory, peat, and recovered fuel were measured. Among the selected plants, there was one that used only fossil fuel and one that used only biofuel; the other investigated plants burned mixtures of fuels. The results show that 14C measurement provides the possibility to determinate the ratio of bio and fossil fuel burned in power plants.",
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Hämäläinen, K, Jungner, H, Antson, O, Räsänen, J, Tormonen, K & Roine, J 2007, 'Measurement of biocarbon in flue gases using 14C', Radiocarbon, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 325-330. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033822200042259

Measurement of biocarbon in flue gases using 14C. / Hämäläinen, Kai; Jungner, Högne; Antson, Olli; Räsänen, Jaakko; Tormonen, Kauko; Roine, Johannes.

In: Radiocarbon, Vol. 49, No. 2, 2007, p. 325-330.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Measurement of biocarbon in flue gases using 14C

AU - Hämäläinen, Kai

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AU - Tormonen, Kauko

AU - Roine, Johannes

PY - 2007

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N2 - A preliminary investigation of the biocarbon fraction in carbon dioxide emissions of power plants using both fossil and biobased fuels is presented. Calculation of the biocarbon fraction is based on radiocarbon content measured in power plant flue gases. Samples were collected directly from the chimneys into plastic sampling bags. The 14C content in CO2 was measured by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). Flue gases from power plants that use natural gas, coal, wood chips, bark, plywood residue, sludge from the pulp factory, peat, and recovered fuel were measured. Among the selected plants, there was one that used only fossil fuel and one that used only biofuel; the other investigated plants burned mixtures of fuels. The results show that 14C measurement provides the possibility to determinate the ratio of bio and fossil fuel burned in power plants.

AB - A preliminary investigation of the biocarbon fraction in carbon dioxide emissions of power plants using both fossil and biobased fuels is presented. Calculation of the biocarbon fraction is based on radiocarbon content measured in power plant flue gases. Samples were collected directly from the chimneys into plastic sampling bags. The 14C content in CO2 was measured by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). Flue gases from power plants that use natural gas, coal, wood chips, bark, plywood residue, sludge from the pulp factory, peat, and recovered fuel were measured. Among the selected plants, there was one that used only fossil fuel and one that used only biofuel; the other investigated plants burned mixtures of fuels. The results show that 14C measurement provides the possibility to determinate the ratio of bio and fossil fuel burned in power plants.

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DO - 10.1017/S0033822200042259

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JO - Radiocarbon

JF - Radiocarbon

SN - 0033-8222

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Hämäläinen K, Jungner H, Antson O, Räsänen J, Tormonen K, Roine J. Measurement of biocarbon in flue gases using 14C. Radiocarbon. 2007;49(2):325-330. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033822200042259