Measurement of driver's visual attention capabilities using real-time UFOV method

Mikio Danno (Corresponding Author), Matti Kutila, Juha M. Kortelainen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper proposes a new real-time method to measure the driver’s useful field of view (UFOV) while driving a car in ordinary traffic situations in an urban environment. This is called the real-time useful field of view (rUFOV) method to discriminate it from conventional UFOV measurement, which is typically performed offline and with laboratory equipment developed by Visual Awareness Inc. The proposed real-time method first tracks traffic objects that appear in the driver’s peripheral vision using a road video camera, checks the degree of the driver’s attention to these objects using a driver monitoring camera, and finally calculates the percentage reduction in the driver’s UFOV using a database acquired over an extended period of time. Preliminary results showed better performance than originally expected. The rUFOV method was then incorporated into a driving simulation environment to enable more precise measurement of the driver’s gaze angle. This enabled the performance of safer tests for identifying conditions under which mental load reduced the driver’s visual capabilities, thus increasing the possibility of hasty driving, as well as the incorporation of more accurate control parameters into simulation software for risky driving scenarios. Consequently, this paper proposes a new methodology for measuring the driver’s UFOV as a potential real-time driver support system with automatic intrusive HMI adaptation and immediate alarm functions. The evaluation was conducted in two phases. First, the system was tested in real traffic using typical vehicle equipment and technically worked with a performance level of 81%.In the second phase, more test runs were performed in the simulator environment, which enabled near accident scenarios to be created without risking traffic safety and it was also measured its reaction time.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)115-127
    Number of pages13
    JournalInternational Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research
    Volume9
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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