Measurement of N+ flows in the high-field side scrape-off layer of ASDEX upgrade with different degrees of inner divertor detachment

J. Karhunen (Corresponding Author), M. Groth, P. Heliste, T. Pütterich, E. Viezzer, D. Carralero, D. Coster, L. Guimarais, Antti Hakola, V. Nikolaeva, S. Potzel, ASDEX Update Group

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


    Toroidal and poloidal flows of injected N+ ions were measured in the high-field side (HFS) scrape-off layer (SOL) of ASDEX Upgrade by Doppler spectroscopy with different degrees of HFS divertor detachment. In high-recycling conditions, the results suggest reversed parallel N+ flow away from the inner divertor in the near SOL close to the separatrix, while the flow is towards the inner divertor throughout the SOL in detached conditions. The measured poloidal N+ flows were directed away from the HFS divertor in the near SOL for all density cases. Divertor plasma oscillations, characterized by momentary peaking of the HFS target ion flux and decrease of the HFS SOL density, were observed slightly before the roll-over of the ion saturation current to the HFS target and lead to an increase in the N+ flow towards the HFS divertor. SOLPS and ERO simulations of the experiment predict entrainment below 50% between the velocities of N+ and D+ ions, suggesting that N+ ions are quantitatively a limited proxy for measuring D+ flows. ERO simulations show significantly higher entrainment for higher ionization states, e.g., N2+ and N3+.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)935-941
    JournalNuclear Materials and Energy
    Early online date2017
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
    Event22nd International Conference on Plasma-Surface Interactions in Controlled Fusion Devices (PSI-22) - Rome, Italy
    Duration: 30 May 20163 Jun 2016


    • impurity migration
    • Doppler spectroscopy
    • SOL flow
    • divertor detachment


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