Measurement of the spin-dependent structure function g1(x) of the proton

D. Adams, B. Adeva, E. Arik, A. Arvidson, B. Badelek, M. K. Ballintijn, G. Bardin, G. Baum, P. Berglund, L. Betev, I. G. Bird, R. Birsa, P. Björkholm, B. E. Bonner, N. de Botton, F. Bradamante, A. Bressan, A. Brüll, S. Bültmann, E. BurtinC. Cavata, M. Clocchiatti, M. D. Corcoran, D. Crabb, J. Cranshaw, M. Crawford, T. Çuhadar, S. Dalla Torre, R. van Dantzig, S. Dhawan, C. Dulya, A. Dyring, S. Eichblatt, J. C. Faivre, D. Fasching, F. Feinstein, C. Fernandez, B. Frois, J. A. Garzon, T. Gaussiran, M. Giorgi, E. von Goeler, G. Gracia, N. de Groot, M. Grosse Perdekamp, E. Gülmez, D. von Harrach, T. Hasegawa, P. Hautle, N. Hayashi, C. A. Heusch, N. Horikawa, V. W. Hughes, G. Igo, S. Ishimoto, T. Iwata, E. M. Kabuß, R. Kaiser, A. Karev, H. J. Kessler, T. J. Ketel, A. Kishi, Yu Kisselev, L. Klostermann, D. Krämer, V. Krivokhijine, V. Kukhtin, Jukka Kyynäräinen, M. Lamanna, U. Landgraf, K. Lau, T. Layda, M. J. Le Goff, F. Lehar, A. de Lesquen, J. Lichtenstadt, T. Lindqvist, M. Litmaath, S. Lopez-Ponte, M. Lowe, A. Magnon, G. K. Mallot, F. Marie, A. Martin, J. Martino, T. Matsuda, B. Meyes, J. S. McCarthy, K. Medved, G. van Middelkoop, D. Miller, K. Mori, J. Moromisato, A. Nagaitsev, J. Nassalski, L. Naumann, T. O. Niinikoski, J. E.J. Oberski, D. P. Parks, A. Penzo, C. Perez, F. Perrot-Kunne, D. Peshekhonov, R. Piegaia, L. Pinsky, S. Platchkov, M. Plo, D. Pose, H. Postma, J. Pretz, T. Pussieux, J. Pyrlik, I. Reyhancan, J. M. Rieubland, A. Rijllart, J. B. Roberts, S. Rock, M. Rodriguez, E. Rondio, A. Rosado, I. Sabo, J. Saborido, A. Sandacz, I. Savin, P. Schiavon, K. P. Schüler, R. Segel, R. Seitz, Y. Semertzidis, F. Sever, P. Shanahan, N. Shumeiko, G. Smirnov, A. Staude, A. Steinmetz, U. Stiegler, H. Stuhrmann, K. M. Teichert, F. Tessarotto, M. Velasco, J. Vogt, R. Voss, R. Weinstein, C. Whitten, R. Windmolders, R. Willumeit, W. Wiślicki, A. Witzmann, A. M. Zanetti, J. Zhao

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Abstract

We have measured the spin-dependent structure function g1 p of the proton in deep inelastic scattering of polarized muons off polarized protons, in the kinematic range 0.003 < x < 0.7 and 1 GeV2 < Q2 < 60 GeV2. Its first moment, ∫0 1 g1 p(x)dx, is found to be 0.136±0.011 (stat.)± 0.011 (syst.) at Q2 = 10GeV2. This value is smaller than the prediction of the Ellis-Jaffe sum rule by two standard deviations, and is consistent with previous measurements. A combined analysis of all available proton, deuteron and neutron data confirms the Bjorken sum rule to within 10% of the theoretical value.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-406
JournalPhysics Letters B
Volume329
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 1994
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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