Measurement strategies and uncertainty estimations for pitch and step height calibrations by metrological atomic force microscope

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Abstract

Gratings and step height standards are useful transfer standards for lateral and vertical length scale calibration of atomic force microscopes (AFMs). In order to have traceability to the SI-meter, the standards must have been calibrated prior to use. Metrological AFMs (MAFMs) with online laser interferometric position measurements are versatile instruments for the calibrations. The developed task-specific measurement strategies for step height and pitch calibrations with the Centre for Metrology and Accreditation's (MIKES's) metrological AFM are described. The strategies were developed to give high accuracy and to reduce measurement time. Detailed uncertainty estimations for step height and grating pitch calibrations are also given. Standard uncertainties are 0.016 and 0.018 nm for 300 and 700 nm pitch standards, respectively, and 0.21 and 0.44 nm for 7 and 1000 nm step height standards.
Original languageEnglish
Article number011002
JournalJournal of Micro/ Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Microscopes
microscopes
Calibration
gratings
Position measurement
Accreditation
International System of Units
Time measurement
metrology
Uncertainty
time measurement
Lasers
lasers

Keywords

  • calibration
  • atomic force microscope

Cite this

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title = "Measurement strategies and uncertainty estimations for pitch and step height calibrations by metrological atomic force microscope",
abstract = "Gratings and step height standards are useful transfer standards for lateral and vertical length scale calibration of atomic force microscopes (AFMs). In order to have traceability to the SI-meter, the standards must have been calibrated prior to use. Metrological AFMs (MAFMs) with online laser interferometric position measurements are versatile instruments for the calibrations. The developed task-specific measurement strategies for step height and pitch calibrations with the Centre for Metrology and Accreditation's (MIKES's) metrological AFM are described. The strategies were developed to give high accuracy and to reduce measurement time. Detailed uncertainty estimations for step height and grating pitch calibrations are also given. Standard uncertainties are 0.016 and 0.018 nm for 300 and 700 nm pitch standards, respectively, and 0.21 and 0.44 nm for 7 and 1000 nm step height standards.",
keywords = "calibration, atomic force microscope",
author = "Virpi Korpelainen and Jeremias Sepp{\"a} and Antti Lassila",
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T1 - Measurement strategies and uncertainty estimations for pitch and step height calibrations by metrological atomic force microscope

AU - Korpelainen, Virpi

AU - Seppä, Jeremias

AU - Lassila, Antti

PY - 2012

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AB - Gratings and step height standards are useful transfer standards for lateral and vertical length scale calibration of atomic force microscopes (AFMs). In order to have traceability to the SI-meter, the standards must have been calibrated prior to use. Metrological AFMs (MAFMs) with online laser interferometric position measurements are versatile instruments for the calibrations. The developed task-specific measurement strategies for step height and pitch calibrations with the Centre for Metrology and Accreditation's (MIKES's) metrological AFM are described. The strategies were developed to give high accuracy and to reduce measurement time. Detailed uncertainty estimations for step height and grating pitch calibrations are also given. Standard uncertainties are 0.016 and 0.018 nm for 300 and 700 nm pitch standards, respectively, and 0.21 and 0.44 nm for 7 and 1000 nm step height standards.

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JO - Journal of Micro/ Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS

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