Mechanically ground softwood fines as a raw material for cellulosic applications

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    6 Citations (Scopus)


    Utilization of mechanically manufactured lignocellulosic fines (LCNFs) was investigated in making filaments and films. The LCNFs particles were prepared by using a mechanical grinding method with a w-profile grinding stone that produces mostly fines with dimensions in the micrometer scale. The chemical and elemental composition of the w-stone ground LCNFs particles was investigated. It was found that the mechanically manufactured material exhibited the chemical structure of native wood. The LCNFs particles had an anionic surface charge making them colloidally semi-stable in water. The short length of the fines particles prevents their effective mechanical entanglement, which sets some limitations on preparation of filaments and films. Filament manufacturing required the use of a composite approach with carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) as a binder polymer. The filament was manufactured by using dry-jet wet spinning with aluminium sulfate crosslinking. The chemical composition, crosslinking mechanism, and mechanical properties of the composite filaments were investigated. The composite approach with CMC was also used to prepare composite films with good mechanical performance. The investigated LCNFs material could be utilized in all-lignocomposite applications with cellulose derivatives, where biodegradability and biobased characteristics are desired properties.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3869-3882
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • fiber fines
    • LCNFs
    • CMC
    • composite
    • filament
    • films
    • strength
    • elongation


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