MEMS Fabry-Perot interferometer with Si-air mirrors for mid-and thermal infrared

Mikko Tuohiniemi, Antti Näsilä, Altti Akujärvi

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We studied how a surface-micromachined Fabry-Perot interferometer, realized with Si/air-gap distributed Bragg reflectors, would perform at the middle-infrared wavelengths. Compared with traditional solid-film pairs, this Si-FPI technology features better index contrast, which enables wider stop band and potentially higher resolution. Four different designs of interferometers were prepared and compared. Two designs apply the solid-film reflectors of Si/SiO2 structure. Their data is exploited as a reference of a middle-infrared interferometer and, as a template for mapping the performance from the simulation results to the measured data. The third design operates at the thermal infrared and it was our first embodiment with the Si/air-gap mirrors. The performance, reported earlier, is here referred to for estimating the technology scalability down to shorter wavelengths. Finally, we realized a non-tunable proof-of-concept version of the Si/air-gap technology for middle infrared. The measured data is mapped into an estimate of the achievable performance of a tunable version. We present the transmission and resolution data and argument the simulation models that reproduce the data. The prediction for the tunable middle-infrared Si-FPI is then presented. The results indicate that such a device is expected to have two-fold better resolution and a clearly wider stop band, compared with the prior art.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE
    Subtitle of host publicationVolume 8977, MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XIII, 2014
    PublisherInternational Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE
    Number of pages10
    ISBN (Print)978-081949890-8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventMOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XIII - San Francisco, CA, United States
    Duration: 3 Feb 20146 Feb 2014

    Publication series

    SeriesProceedings of SPIE
    Volume8977
    ISSN0277-786X

    Conference

    ConferenceMOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XIII
    CountryUnited States
    CitySan Francisco, CA
    Period3/02/146/02/14

    Fingerprint

    Fabry-Perot interferometers
    microelectromechanical systems
    mirrors
    air
    infrared interferometers
    broadband
    arts
    Bragg reflectors
    wavelengths
    reflectors
    estimating
    templates
    interferometers
    simulation
    high resolution
    estimates
    predictions

    Keywords

    • Fabry-Perot interferometers
    • microelectromechanical systems
    • mirrors
    • interferometers
    • simulations
    • reflectors
    • distributed Bragg reflectors

    Cite this

    Tuohiniemi, M., Näsilä, A., & Akujärvi, A. (2014). MEMS Fabry-Perot interferometer with Si-air mirrors for mid-and thermal infrared. In Proceedings of SPIE: Volume 8977, MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XIII, 2014 [89770G] International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.. 8977 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2037915
    Tuohiniemi, Mikko ; Näsilä, Antti ; Akujärvi, Altti. / MEMS Fabry-Perot interferometer with Si-air mirrors for mid-and thermal infrared. Proceedings of SPIE: Volume 8977, MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XIII, 2014. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2014. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 8977).
    @inproceedings{610938637c114ad3816999be5f3005f1,
    title = "MEMS Fabry-Perot interferometer with Si-air mirrors for mid-and thermal infrared",
    abstract = "We studied how a surface-micromachined Fabry-Perot interferometer, realized with Si/air-gap distributed Bragg reflectors, would perform at the middle-infrared wavelengths. Compared with traditional solid-film pairs, this Si-FPI technology features better index contrast, which enables wider stop band and potentially higher resolution. Four different designs of interferometers were prepared and compared. Two designs apply the solid-film reflectors of Si/SiO2 structure. Their data is exploited as a reference of a middle-infrared interferometer and, as a template for mapping the performance from the simulation results to the measured data. The third design operates at the thermal infrared and it was our first embodiment with the Si/air-gap mirrors. The performance, reported earlier, is here referred to for estimating the technology scalability down to shorter wavelengths. Finally, we realized a non-tunable proof-of-concept version of the Si/air-gap technology for middle infrared. The measured data is mapped into an estimate of the achievable performance of a tunable version. We present the transmission and resolution data and argument the simulation models that reproduce the data. The prediction for the tunable middle-infrared Si-FPI is then presented. The results indicate that such a device is expected to have two-fold better resolution and a clearly wider stop band, compared with the prior art.",
    keywords = "Fabry-Perot interferometers, microelectromechanical systems, mirrors, interferometers, simulations, reflectors, distributed Bragg reflectors",
    author = "Mikko Tuohiniemi and Antti N{\"a}sil{\"a} and Altti Akuj{\"a}rvi",
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    Tuohiniemi, M, Näsilä, A & Akujärvi, A 2014, MEMS Fabry-Perot interferometer with Si-air mirrors for mid-and thermal infrared. in Proceedings of SPIE: Volume 8977, MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XIII, 2014., 89770G, International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 8977, MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XIII, San Francisco, CA, United States, 3/02/14. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2037915

    MEMS Fabry-Perot interferometer with Si-air mirrors for mid-and thermal infrared. / Tuohiniemi, Mikko; Näsilä, Antti; Akujärvi, Altti.

    Proceedings of SPIE: Volume 8977, MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XIII, 2014. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2014. 89770G (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 8977).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    N2 - We studied how a surface-micromachined Fabry-Perot interferometer, realized with Si/air-gap distributed Bragg reflectors, would perform at the middle-infrared wavelengths. Compared with traditional solid-film pairs, this Si-FPI technology features better index contrast, which enables wider stop band and potentially higher resolution. Four different designs of interferometers were prepared and compared. Two designs apply the solid-film reflectors of Si/SiO2 structure. Their data is exploited as a reference of a middle-infrared interferometer and, as a template for mapping the performance from the simulation results to the measured data. The third design operates at the thermal infrared and it was our first embodiment with the Si/air-gap mirrors. The performance, reported earlier, is here referred to for estimating the technology scalability down to shorter wavelengths. Finally, we realized a non-tunable proof-of-concept version of the Si/air-gap technology for middle infrared. The measured data is mapped into an estimate of the achievable performance of a tunable version. We present the transmission and resolution data and argument the simulation models that reproduce the data. The prediction for the tunable middle-infrared Si-FPI is then presented. The results indicate that such a device is expected to have two-fold better resolution and a clearly wider stop band, compared with the prior art.

    AB - We studied how a surface-micromachined Fabry-Perot interferometer, realized with Si/air-gap distributed Bragg reflectors, would perform at the middle-infrared wavelengths. Compared with traditional solid-film pairs, this Si-FPI technology features better index contrast, which enables wider stop band and potentially higher resolution. Four different designs of interferometers were prepared and compared. Two designs apply the solid-film reflectors of Si/SiO2 structure. Their data is exploited as a reference of a middle-infrared interferometer and, as a template for mapping the performance from the simulation results to the measured data. The third design operates at the thermal infrared and it was our first embodiment with the Si/air-gap mirrors. The performance, reported earlier, is here referred to for estimating the technology scalability down to shorter wavelengths. Finally, we realized a non-tunable proof-of-concept version of the Si/air-gap technology for middle infrared. The measured data is mapped into an estimate of the achievable performance of a tunable version. We present the transmission and resolution data and argument the simulation models that reproduce the data. The prediction for the tunable middle-infrared Si-FPI is then presented. The results indicate that such a device is expected to have two-fold better resolution and a clearly wider stop band, compared with the prior art.

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    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    SN - 978-081949890-8

    T3 - Proceedings of SPIE

    BT - Proceedings of SPIE

    PB - International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE

    ER -

    Tuohiniemi M, Näsilä A, Akujärvi A. MEMS Fabry-Perot interferometer with Si-air mirrors for mid-and thermal infrared. In Proceedings of SPIE: Volume 8977, MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XIII, 2014. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. 2014. 89770G. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 8977). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2037915