Metallurgical effects on the corrosion resistance of a low temperature sensitized welded AISI type 304 stainless steel

Timo Kekkonen, Pertti Aaltonen, Hannu Hänninen

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Abstract

The low temperature sensitization (LTS) of a welded AISI Type 304 stainless steel was studied. Both the microstructural changes and the degree of sensitization (DOS) were examined in samples aged for times up to 1500 days at 350–500°C. The DOS was observed to increase at temperatures below the normal sensitization range and the increase could be attributed to the growth of chromium-rich grain boundary carbides. The (T, r) dependence for LTS was determined on the basis of intergranular corrosion (I.G.C.) tests. These results indicated a departure from a linear Arrhenius temperature dependence, suggesting a change in the growth mechanism of M23C6 grain boundary carbides at low temperatures. The possible reasons for this change are discussed in terms of the observed microstructures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)821 - 836
Number of pages16
JournalCorrosion Science
Volume25
Issue number8-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1985
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

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Stainless Steel
Corrosion resistance
Stainless steel
Carbides
Grain boundaries
Temperature
Chromium
Corrosion
Microstructure

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Kekkonen, Timo ; Aaltonen, Pertti ; Hänninen, Hannu. / Metallurgical effects on the corrosion resistance of a low temperature sensitized welded AISI type 304 stainless steel. In: Corrosion Science. 1985 ; Vol. 25, No. 8-9. pp. 821 - 836.
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Metallurgical effects on the corrosion resistance of a low temperature sensitized welded AISI type 304 stainless steel. / Kekkonen, Timo; Aaltonen, Pertti; Hänninen, Hannu.

In: Corrosion Science, Vol. 25, No. 8-9, 1985, p. 821 - 836.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Metallurgical effects on the corrosion resistance of a low temperature sensitized welded AISI type 304 stainless steel

AU - Kekkonen, Timo

AU - Aaltonen, Pertti

AU - Hänninen, Hannu

PY - 1985

Y1 - 1985

N2 - The low temperature sensitization (LTS) of a welded AISI Type 304 stainless steel was studied. Both the microstructural changes and the degree of sensitization (DOS) were examined in samples aged for times up to 1500 days at 350–500°C. The DOS was observed to increase at temperatures below the normal sensitization range and the increase could be attributed to the growth of chromium-rich grain boundary carbides. The (T, r) dependence for LTS was determined on the basis of intergranular corrosion (I.G.C.) tests. These results indicated a departure from a linear Arrhenius temperature dependence, suggesting a change in the growth mechanism of M23C6 grain boundary carbides at low temperatures. The possible reasons for this change are discussed in terms of the observed microstructures.

AB - The low temperature sensitization (LTS) of a welded AISI Type 304 stainless steel was studied. Both the microstructural changes and the degree of sensitization (DOS) were examined in samples aged for times up to 1500 days at 350–500°C. The DOS was observed to increase at temperatures below the normal sensitization range and the increase could be attributed to the growth of chromium-rich grain boundary carbides. The (T, r) dependence for LTS was determined on the basis of intergranular corrosion (I.G.C.) tests. These results indicated a departure from a linear Arrhenius temperature dependence, suggesting a change in the growth mechanism of M23C6 grain boundary carbides at low temperatures. The possible reasons for this change are discussed in terms of the observed microstructures.

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