Methane Catalyst Regeneration with Hydrogen Addition

Sonja Heikkilä, Katriina Sirviö, Seppo Niemi, Piritta Roslund, Kati Lehtoranta, Rasmus Pettinen, Hannu Vesala, Päivi Koponen, Kauko Kallinen, Teuvo Maunula, Heikki Korpi, Juha Kortelainen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Increasing use of renewable energy places greater emphasis on peaking power production for times when renewable sources cannot meet total demand. Gas engines are a viable choice for peaking power plants. During combustion of natural or biogas, however, unburned fuel, especially methane, tends to remain in the exhaust gas. Pd-Pt/Al2O3 catalytic converters are proven to be the most efficient for methane conversion but they are easily poisoned by sulphur and water from the exhaust. A poisoned catalyst is inactive and its methane conversion is low. It might be possible to revive the catalyst by regeneration. According to the literature, hydrogen injection is one of the most effective regeneration methods. The aim of the present study was to find out whether hydrogen injection at three different temperatures enhances regeneration of a Pd-Pt/Al2O3 catalytic converter. The research was conducted in an engine laboratory and the exhaust gas was from a high-speed engine, modified to run with natural gas. The effect of the catalyst regeneration was measured by analyzing the methane conversion as well as SO2 concentrations downstream from the catalyst. Multiple H2 injection concentrations (1% to 2.5%) and periods (10 minutes to 1 hour) were used in the experiments. Results show the lowest exhaust temperature of 380 °C was insufficient for the catalyst to activate. In terms of methane conversion, the experiments at 500 °C were more successful, but no long-lasting effect was achieved by regeneration. In all experiments, sharp peaks of SO2 were registered in the exhaust gas immediately after the start of the regeneration. This indicates that H2 reacts in the catalyst and releases SO2. Further studies are required to improve the regeneration process and to evaluate the long-term effects of regeneration at high temperatures.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMeeting the Future of Combustion Engines
Subtitle of host publication29th CIMAC World Congress
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event29th CIMAC World Congress on Combustion Engine - Vancouver, Vancouver, Canada
Duration: 10 Jun 201914 Jun 2019
http://www.cimaccongress.com

Conference

Conference29th CIMAC World Congress on Combustion Engine
CountryCanada
CityVancouver
Period10/06/1914/06/19
Internet address

Fingerprint

Catalyst regeneration
Methane
Hydrogen
Exhaust gases
Catalysts
Catalytic converters
Engines
Gas engines
Experiments
Biogas
Temperature
Natural gas
Power plants
Sulfur
Water

Cite this

Heikkilä, S., Sirviö, K., Niemi, S., Roslund, P., Lehtoranta, K., Pettinen, R., ... Kortelainen, J. (2019). Methane Catalyst Regeneration with Hydrogen Addition. In Meeting the Future of Combustion Engines: 29th CIMAC World Congress [367]
Heikkilä, Sonja ; Sirviö, Katriina ; Niemi, Seppo ; Roslund, Piritta ; Lehtoranta, Kati ; Pettinen, Rasmus ; Vesala, Hannu ; Koponen, Päivi ; Kallinen, Kauko ; Maunula, Teuvo ; Korpi, Heikki ; Kortelainen, Juha. / Methane Catalyst Regeneration with Hydrogen Addition. Meeting the Future of Combustion Engines: 29th CIMAC World Congress. 2019.
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title = "Methane Catalyst Regeneration with Hydrogen Addition",
abstract = "Increasing use of renewable energy places greater emphasis on peaking power production for times when renewable sources cannot meet total demand. Gas engines are a viable choice for peaking power plants. During combustion of natural or biogas, however, unburned fuel, especially methane, tends to remain in the exhaust gas. Pd-Pt/Al2O3 catalytic converters are proven to be the most efficient for methane conversion but they are easily poisoned by sulphur and water from the exhaust. A poisoned catalyst is inactive and its methane conversion is low. It might be possible to revive the catalyst by regeneration. According to the literature, hydrogen injection is one of the most effective regeneration methods. The aim of the present study was to find out whether hydrogen injection at three different temperatures enhances regeneration of a Pd-Pt/Al2O3 catalytic converter. The research was conducted in an engine laboratory and the exhaust gas was from a high-speed engine, modified to run with natural gas. The effect of the catalyst regeneration was measured by analyzing the methane conversion as well as SO2 concentrations downstream from the catalyst. Multiple H2 injection concentrations (1{\%} to 2.5{\%}) and periods (10 minutes to 1 hour) were used in the experiments. Results show the lowest exhaust temperature of 380 °C was insufficient for the catalyst to activate. In terms of methane conversion, the experiments at 500 °C were more successful, but no long-lasting effect was achieved by regeneration. In all experiments, sharp peaks of SO2 were registered in the exhaust gas immediately after the start of the regeneration. This indicates that H2 reacts in the catalyst and releases SO2. Further studies are required to improve the regeneration process and to evaluate the long-term effects of regeneration at high temperatures.",
author = "Sonja Heikkil{\"a} and Katriina Sirvi{\"o} and Seppo Niemi and Piritta Roslund and Kati Lehtoranta and Rasmus Pettinen and Hannu Vesala and P{\"a}ivi Koponen and Kauko Kallinen and Teuvo Maunula and Heikki Korpi and Juha Kortelainen",
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}

Heikkilä, S, Sirviö, K, Niemi, S, Roslund, P, Lehtoranta, K, Pettinen, R, Vesala, H, Koponen, P, Kallinen, K, Maunula, T, Korpi, H & Kortelainen, J 2019, Methane Catalyst Regeneration with Hydrogen Addition. in Meeting the Future of Combustion Engines: 29th CIMAC World Congress., 367, 29th CIMAC World Congress on Combustion Engine, Vancouver, Canada, 10/06/19.

Methane Catalyst Regeneration with Hydrogen Addition. / Heikkilä, Sonja ; Sirviö, Katriina; Niemi, Seppo; Roslund, Piritta; Lehtoranta, Kati; Pettinen, Rasmus; Vesala, Hannu; Koponen, Päivi; Kallinen, Kauko; Maunula, Teuvo; Korpi, Heikki; Kortelainen, Juha.

Meeting the Future of Combustion Engines: 29th CIMAC World Congress. 2019. 367.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Methane Catalyst Regeneration with Hydrogen Addition

AU - Heikkilä, Sonja

AU - Sirviö, Katriina

AU - Niemi, Seppo

AU - Roslund, Piritta

AU - Lehtoranta, Kati

AU - Pettinen, Rasmus

AU - Vesala, Hannu

AU - Koponen, Päivi

AU - Kallinen, Kauko

AU - Maunula, Teuvo

AU - Korpi, Heikki

AU - Kortelainen, Juha

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Increasing use of renewable energy places greater emphasis on peaking power production for times when renewable sources cannot meet total demand. Gas engines are a viable choice for peaking power plants. During combustion of natural or biogas, however, unburned fuel, especially methane, tends to remain in the exhaust gas. Pd-Pt/Al2O3 catalytic converters are proven to be the most efficient for methane conversion but they are easily poisoned by sulphur and water from the exhaust. A poisoned catalyst is inactive and its methane conversion is low. It might be possible to revive the catalyst by regeneration. According to the literature, hydrogen injection is one of the most effective regeneration methods. The aim of the present study was to find out whether hydrogen injection at three different temperatures enhances regeneration of a Pd-Pt/Al2O3 catalytic converter. The research was conducted in an engine laboratory and the exhaust gas was from a high-speed engine, modified to run with natural gas. The effect of the catalyst regeneration was measured by analyzing the methane conversion as well as SO2 concentrations downstream from the catalyst. Multiple H2 injection concentrations (1% to 2.5%) and periods (10 minutes to 1 hour) were used in the experiments. Results show the lowest exhaust temperature of 380 °C was insufficient for the catalyst to activate. In terms of methane conversion, the experiments at 500 °C were more successful, but no long-lasting effect was achieved by regeneration. In all experiments, sharp peaks of SO2 were registered in the exhaust gas immediately after the start of the regeneration. This indicates that H2 reacts in the catalyst and releases SO2. Further studies are required to improve the regeneration process and to evaluate the long-term effects of regeneration at high temperatures.

AB - Increasing use of renewable energy places greater emphasis on peaking power production for times when renewable sources cannot meet total demand. Gas engines are a viable choice for peaking power plants. During combustion of natural or biogas, however, unburned fuel, especially methane, tends to remain in the exhaust gas. Pd-Pt/Al2O3 catalytic converters are proven to be the most efficient for methane conversion but they are easily poisoned by sulphur and water from the exhaust. A poisoned catalyst is inactive and its methane conversion is low. It might be possible to revive the catalyst by regeneration. According to the literature, hydrogen injection is one of the most effective regeneration methods. The aim of the present study was to find out whether hydrogen injection at three different temperatures enhances regeneration of a Pd-Pt/Al2O3 catalytic converter. The research was conducted in an engine laboratory and the exhaust gas was from a high-speed engine, modified to run with natural gas. The effect of the catalyst regeneration was measured by analyzing the methane conversion as well as SO2 concentrations downstream from the catalyst. Multiple H2 injection concentrations (1% to 2.5%) and periods (10 minutes to 1 hour) were used in the experiments. Results show the lowest exhaust temperature of 380 °C was insufficient for the catalyst to activate. In terms of methane conversion, the experiments at 500 °C were more successful, but no long-lasting effect was achieved by regeneration. In all experiments, sharp peaks of SO2 were registered in the exhaust gas immediately after the start of the regeneration. This indicates that H2 reacts in the catalyst and releases SO2. Further studies are required to improve the regeneration process and to evaluate the long-term effects of regeneration at high temperatures.

UR - https://www.cimac.com/publications/technical-database/index.html

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

BT - Meeting the Future of Combustion Engines

ER -

Heikkilä S, Sirviö K, Niemi S, Roslund P, Lehtoranta K, Pettinen R et al. Methane Catalyst Regeneration with Hydrogen Addition. In Meeting the Future of Combustion Engines: 29th CIMAC World Congress. 2019. 367