Methodological challenges related to real-world automated driving pilots

Satu Innamaa, Natasha Merat, Tyron Louw, Barbara Metz, Thomas Streubel, Christian Rösener

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsProfessional


This paper discusses the methodological challenges related to automated driving (AD) pilots in the real world, providing an overview of some of the solutions offered by the L3Pilot project. Although the overall methodology defined for Field Operational Tests (FOTs) has been developed quite extensively for driver support systems, our efforts in the L3Pilot project show that the evaluation process can be adapted to suit the needs of AD pilot projects, as long as some caveats related to the pilot nature of AD studies are acknowledged. The AD pilots currently in place around the world provide important insights into the impacts of AD on their users, other road users and the society at large. However, as these systems mature, large-scale FOTs will be needed as (closer to) ex-post evaluation, to verify the assessed impacts. This paper outlines the challenges and offers some solutions for working towards that goal.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 26th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems
Subtitle of host publicationITS World Congress 2019
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019
MoE publication typeD3 Professional conference proceedings
Event26th Intelligent Transport Systems World Congress, ITS Singapore 2019 - Singapore, Singapore
Duration: 21 Oct 201925 Oct 2019


Conference26th Intelligent Transport Systems World Congress, ITS Singapore 2019
Abbreviated title26th ITS World Congress
Internet address


  • Real-world study
  • automated driving pilot
  • methodology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Methodological challenges related to real-world automated driving pilots'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this