Methodology for field operational tests of automated vehicles

Yvonne Barnard, Satu Innamaa, Sami Koskinen, Helena Gellerman, Erik Svanberg, Haibo Chen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a proceedings journalScientificpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Over the past decade a large number of Field Operational Tests (FOT) have been conducted to test Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) in real traffic conditions with thousands of drivers. In order to ensure scientifically sound studies a FOT methodology was developed in the FESTA project. Currently we are on the brink of a new series of large scale FOTs, testing automated and autonomous vehicles. A common FOT methodology serves the following purposes: (1) to ensure that a systematic and scientific approach is taken by FOTs, (2) to enable the assessment of the impact of large-scale introduction of ITS on safety, mobility, efficiency and environment, (3) to be able to compare results of different FOTs, and (4) to build a community and facilitate knowledge exchange. FESTA focuses strongly on the drivers of vehicles, and the changes in their behaviour when driving a vehicle that is instrumented with new systems. In FESTA, it is recommended that driving with an ITS is compared with driving without it (the baseline). However, what will be the focus of the new FOTs? And what will be the main research questions these FOTs will address? And what is the baseline? Three types of focus can be distinguished; centred on the user, the vehicle or the context. In this paper we discuss the requirements for a methodology that addresses these three types of focus. We investigate how the current FOT methodology may be adapted or may need to be completely changed. Special attention is given to the type of data that is needed for baselines and for answering research and impact questions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2188-2196
    JournalTransportation Research Procedia
    Volume14
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication

    Fingerprint

    transport system
    methodology
    driver
    traffic behavior
    Acoustic waves
    traffic
    Testing
    efficiency
    knowledge
    community

    Keywords

    • automated driving
    • field operational tests
    • evaluation
    • methodology
    • road transport

    Cite this

    Barnard, Yvonne ; Innamaa, Satu ; Koskinen, Sami ; Gellerman, Helena ; Svanberg, Erik ; Chen, Haibo. / Methodology for field operational tests of automated vehicles. In: Transportation Research Procedia. 2016 ; Vol. 14. pp. 2188-2196.
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    abstract = "Over the past decade a large number of Field Operational Tests (FOT) have been conducted to test Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) in real traffic conditions with thousands of drivers. In order to ensure scientifically sound studies a FOT methodology was developed in the FESTA project. Currently we are on the brink of a new series of large scale FOTs, testing automated and autonomous vehicles. A common FOT methodology serves the following purposes: (1) to ensure that a systematic and scientific approach is taken by FOTs, (2) to enable the assessment of the impact of large-scale introduction of ITS on safety, mobility, efficiency and environment, (3) to be able to compare results of different FOTs, and (4) to build a community and facilitate knowledge exchange. FESTA focuses strongly on the drivers of vehicles, and the changes in their behaviour when driving a vehicle that is instrumented with new systems. In FESTA, it is recommended that driving with an ITS is compared with driving without it (the baseline). However, what will be the focus of the new FOTs? And what will be the main research questions these FOTs will address? And what is the baseline? Three types of focus can be distinguished; centred on the user, the vehicle or the context. In this paper we discuss the requirements for a methodology that addresses these three types of focus. We investigate how the current FOT methodology may be adapted or may need to be completely changed. Special attention is given to the type of data that is needed for baselines and for answering research and impact questions.",
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    Methodology for field operational tests of automated vehicles. / Barnard, Yvonne; Innamaa, Satu; Koskinen, Sami; Gellerman, Helena; Svanberg, Erik; Chen, Haibo.

    In: Transportation Research Procedia, Vol. 14, 2016, p. 2188-2196.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a proceedings journalScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Methodology for field operational tests of automated vehicles

    AU - Barnard, Yvonne

    AU - Innamaa, Satu

    AU - Koskinen, Sami

    AU - Gellerman, Helena

    AU - Svanberg, Erik

    AU - Chen, Haibo

    N1 - SDA: SHP: TransSmart

    PY - 2016

    Y1 - 2016

    N2 - Over the past decade a large number of Field Operational Tests (FOT) have been conducted to test Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) in real traffic conditions with thousands of drivers. In order to ensure scientifically sound studies a FOT methodology was developed in the FESTA project. Currently we are on the brink of a new series of large scale FOTs, testing automated and autonomous vehicles. A common FOT methodology serves the following purposes: (1) to ensure that a systematic and scientific approach is taken by FOTs, (2) to enable the assessment of the impact of large-scale introduction of ITS on safety, mobility, efficiency and environment, (3) to be able to compare results of different FOTs, and (4) to build a community and facilitate knowledge exchange. FESTA focuses strongly on the drivers of vehicles, and the changes in their behaviour when driving a vehicle that is instrumented with new systems. In FESTA, it is recommended that driving with an ITS is compared with driving without it (the baseline). However, what will be the focus of the new FOTs? And what will be the main research questions these FOTs will address? And what is the baseline? Three types of focus can be distinguished; centred on the user, the vehicle or the context. In this paper we discuss the requirements for a methodology that addresses these three types of focus. We investigate how the current FOT methodology may be adapted or may need to be completely changed. Special attention is given to the type of data that is needed for baselines and for answering research and impact questions.

    AB - Over the past decade a large number of Field Operational Tests (FOT) have been conducted to test Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) in real traffic conditions with thousands of drivers. In order to ensure scientifically sound studies a FOT methodology was developed in the FESTA project. Currently we are on the brink of a new series of large scale FOTs, testing automated and autonomous vehicles. A common FOT methodology serves the following purposes: (1) to ensure that a systematic and scientific approach is taken by FOTs, (2) to enable the assessment of the impact of large-scale introduction of ITS on safety, mobility, efficiency and environment, (3) to be able to compare results of different FOTs, and (4) to build a community and facilitate knowledge exchange. FESTA focuses strongly on the drivers of vehicles, and the changes in their behaviour when driving a vehicle that is instrumented with new systems. In FESTA, it is recommended that driving with an ITS is compared with driving without it (the baseline). However, what will be the focus of the new FOTs? And what will be the main research questions these FOTs will address? And what is the baseline? Three types of focus can be distinguished; centred on the user, the vehicle or the context. In this paper we discuss the requirements for a methodology that addresses these three types of focus. We investigate how the current FOT methodology may be adapted or may need to be completely changed. Special attention is given to the type of data that is needed for baselines and for answering research and impact questions.

    KW - automated driving

    KW - field operational tests

    KW - evaluation

    KW - methodology

    KW - road transport

    U2 - 10.1016/j.trpro.2016.05.234

    DO - 10.1016/j.trpro.2016.05.234

    M3 - Article in a proceedings journal

    VL - 14

    SP - 2188

    EP - 2196

    JO - Transportation Research Procedia

    JF - Transportation Research Procedia

    SN - 2352-1457

    ER -