Methyl cellulose/cellulose nanocrystal nanocomposite fibers with high ductility

Ville Hynninen, Pezhman Mohammadi, Wolfgang Wagermaier, Sami Hietala, Markus B. Linder, Olli Ikkala, N. Nonappa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Methylcellulose/cellulose nanocrystal (MC/CNC) nanocomposite fibers showing high ductility and high modulus of toughness were prepared by a simple aqueous wet-spinning from corresponding nanocomposite hydrogels into ethanol coagulation bath followed by drying. The hydrogel MC aq. concentration was maintained at 1 wt-% while the CNC aq. loading was systematically varied in the range 0–3 wt-%. This approach resulted in MC/CNC fiber compositions from 25/75 wt-%/wt-% to 95/5 wt-%/wt-%. The optimal mechanical properties were achieved with the MC/CNC composition of 80/20 wt-%/wt-% allowing high strain (36.1%) and modulus of toughness (48.3 MJ/m3), still keeping a high strength (190 MPa). Further, we demonstrate that the continuous spinning of MC/CNC fibers is potentially possible. The results indicate possibilities to spin MC-based highly ductile composite fibers from environmentally benign aqueous solvents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-345
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Cellulose nanocrystal
  • Liquid crystal
  • Methylcellulose
  • Nanocomposite fiber
  • Toughness


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