Metrology for very fast current transients

S. Passon (Corresponding author), J. Havunen, J. Meisner, M. Kurrat

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Traceable calibrations of current sensors with nanosecond rise-times and amplitude of several hundreds of amperes are up to now not offered worldwide. Therefore, increased efforts were made to provide these calibration capabilities for very fast current signals. In this paper, some current sensors as well as the calibration setup are presented. For this purpose, a current signal generator that provides higher frequencies than the rise time of the best current sensor is needed. It also requires a peak amplitude of at least several tens of amperes in order to achieve an acceptable output voltage of the sensors. For the droop rate measurements, a constant current level is desirable that remains stable for at least several microseconds. All these demands are fulfilled by the cable generator that is presented in this paper. The produced signal is a square wave signal with a peak amplitude determined only by the cable impedance and the charging voltage. The main focus has been on the used switch because it has a major impact to the performance of the cable generator. Two different approaches for the switch are researched. The reed relays for lower voltages and more reliable triggering and the spark gap for voltages above 10 kV and therefore higher currents. Also, different spark gap designs with pressurized air gaps, noble gas filled gaps as well as pressurized SF 6 and vacuum gaps have been conferred. In the end, an entire calibration system for very fast current signals is presented including all essential components.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application
Subtitle of host publicationICHVE 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5386-5086-8
ISBN (Print)978-1-5386-5087-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Feb 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application, ICHVE 2018 - Athens, Greece
Duration: 10 Sep 201813 Sep 2018

Publication series

NameICHVE 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application
ISSN (Print)2381-5043
ISSN (Electronic)2474-3852

Conference

ConferenceIEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application, ICHVE 2018
Abbreviated titleICHVE 2018
CountryGreece
CityAthens
Period10/09/1813/09/18

Fingerprint

Calibration
Cables
Sensors
Electric potential
Electric sparks
Reed relays
Switches
Signal generators
Inert gases
Vacuum
Air

Keywords

  • Coaxial cables
  • Sensors
  • Impedance
  • Sprak gaps
  • Switches
  • Transmission line measurements
  • Conductors

Cite this

Passon, S., Havunen, J., Meisner, J., & Kurrat, M. (2019). Metrology for very fast current transients. In 2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application: ICHVE 2018 [8641787] Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE. ICHVE 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application https://doi.org/10.1109/ICHVE.2018.8641787
Passon, S. ; Havunen, J. ; Meisner, J. ; Kurrat, M. / Metrology for very fast current transients. 2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application: ICHVE 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE, 2019. (ICHVE 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application).
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Passon, S, Havunen, J, Meisner, J & Kurrat, M 2019, Metrology for very fast current transients. in 2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application: ICHVE 2018., 8641787, Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE, ICHVE 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application, IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application, ICHVE 2018, Athens, Greece, 10/09/18. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICHVE.2018.8641787

Metrology for very fast current transients. / Passon, S. (Corresponding author); Havunen, J.; Meisner, J.; Kurrat, M.

2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application: ICHVE 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE, 2019. 8641787 (ICHVE 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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N2 - Traceable calibrations of current sensors with nanosecond rise-times and amplitude of several hundreds of amperes are up to now not offered worldwide. Therefore, increased efforts were made to provide these calibration capabilities for very fast current signals. In this paper, some current sensors as well as the calibration setup are presented. For this purpose, a current signal generator that provides higher frequencies than the rise time of the best current sensor is needed. It also requires a peak amplitude of at least several tens of amperes in order to achieve an acceptable output voltage of the sensors. For the droop rate measurements, a constant current level is desirable that remains stable for at least several microseconds. All these demands are fulfilled by the cable generator that is presented in this paper. The produced signal is a square wave signal with a peak amplitude determined only by the cable impedance and the charging voltage. The main focus has been on the used switch because it has a major impact to the performance of the cable generator. Two different approaches for the switch are researched. The reed relays for lower voltages and more reliable triggering and the spark gap for voltages above 10 kV and therefore higher currents. Also, different spark gap designs with pressurized air gaps, noble gas filled gaps as well as pressurized SF 6 and vacuum gaps have been conferred. In the end, an entire calibration system for very fast current signals is presented including all essential components.

AB - Traceable calibrations of current sensors with nanosecond rise-times and amplitude of several hundreds of amperes are up to now not offered worldwide. Therefore, increased efforts were made to provide these calibration capabilities for very fast current signals. In this paper, some current sensors as well as the calibration setup are presented. For this purpose, a current signal generator that provides higher frequencies than the rise time of the best current sensor is needed. It also requires a peak amplitude of at least several tens of amperes in order to achieve an acceptable output voltage of the sensors. For the droop rate measurements, a constant current level is desirable that remains stable for at least several microseconds. All these demands are fulfilled by the cable generator that is presented in this paper. The produced signal is a square wave signal with a peak amplitude determined only by the cable impedance and the charging voltage. The main focus has been on the used switch because it has a major impact to the performance of the cable generator. Two different approaches for the switch are researched. The reed relays for lower voltages and more reliable triggering and the spark gap for voltages above 10 kV and therefore higher currents. Also, different spark gap designs with pressurized air gaps, noble gas filled gaps as well as pressurized SF 6 and vacuum gaps have been conferred. In the end, an entire calibration system for very fast current signals is presented including all essential components.

KW - Coaxial cables

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KW - Impedance

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KW - Transmission line measurements

KW - Conductors

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Passon S, Havunen J, Meisner J, Kurrat M. Metrology for very fast current transients. In 2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application: ICHVE 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE. 2019. 8641787. (ICHVE 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICHVE.2018.8641787