Microbially induced corrosion of steel and copper materials in deep geological repositories

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference PosterScientific

Abstract

Microbially induced corrosion in deep bedrock is important when evaluating long-term safety of disposal of radioactive waste. In oxygen-free water, corrosion of metals is low. Microorganisms however, are able to accelerate several types of corrosion. The groundwater at the repository depth contains up to 105 microbial cells mL-1 with considerable diversity1. The activity of microorganisms attached to the surfaces and the properties of formed biofilms are essential factors when considering the possibility of microbially induced corrosion. Under the biofilm the conditions may differ remarkably from the surrounding environment and thus induce circumstances where the corrosion is locally increased. As a consequence of corrosion of the metallic waste or capsule material, radioactive nuclides may be released into groundwater and transferred to neighbouring areas of the repository. The aim of research is to characterize microbial biofilms associated with corrosion, study the ability of the indigenous groundwater microbes to produce aggressive corrosive agents and in addition to this the ability of microorganisms from deep terrestrial biosphere to benefit from these metallic material.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventAnnual Waste Management Symposia, WM2015 - Phoenix, United States
Duration: 15 Mar 201519 Mar 2015

Conference

ConferenceAnnual Waste Management Symposia, WM2015
Abbreviated titleWM2015
CountryUnited States
CityPhoenix
Period15/03/1519/03/15

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repository
corrosion
steel
copper
biofilm
microorganism
groundwater
material
radioactive waste
biosphere
bedrock
safety
oxygen
metal

Cite this

Rajala, P. (2015). Microbially induced corrosion of steel and copper materials in deep geological repositories. Poster session presented at Annual Waste Management Symposia, WM2015, Phoenix, United States.
Rajala, Pauliina. / Microbially induced corrosion of steel and copper materials in deep geological repositories. Poster session presented at Annual Waste Management Symposia, WM2015, Phoenix, United States.
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abstract = "Microbially induced corrosion in deep bedrock is important when evaluating long-term safety of disposal of radioactive waste. In oxygen-free water, corrosion of metals is low. Microorganisms however, are able to accelerate several types of corrosion. The groundwater at the repository depth contains up to 105 microbial cells mL-1 with considerable diversity1. The activity of microorganisms attached to the surfaces and the properties of formed biofilms are essential factors when considering the possibility of microbially induced corrosion. Under the biofilm the conditions may differ remarkably from the surrounding environment and thus induce circumstances where the corrosion is locally increased. As a consequence of corrosion of the metallic waste or capsule material, radioactive nuclides may be released into groundwater and transferred to neighbouring areas of the repository. The aim of research is to characterize microbial biofilms associated with corrosion, study the ability of the indigenous groundwater microbes to produce aggressive corrosive agents and in addition to this the ability of microorganisms from deep terrestrial biosphere to benefit from these metallic material.",
author = "Pauliina Rajala",
year = "2015",
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note = "Annual Waste Management Symposia, WM2015, WM2015 ; Conference date: 15-03-2015 Through 19-03-2015",

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Rajala, P 2015, 'Microbially induced corrosion of steel and copper materials in deep geological repositories' Annual Waste Management Symposia, WM2015, Phoenix, United States, 15/03/15 - 19/03/15, .

Microbially induced corrosion of steel and copper materials in deep geological repositories. / Rajala, Pauliina.

2015. Poster session presented at Annual Waste Management Symposia, WM2015, Phoenix, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference PosterScientific

TY - CONF

T1 - Microbially induced corrosion of steel and copper materials in deep geological repositories

AU - Rajala, Pauliina

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Microbially induced corrosion in deep bedrock is important when evaluating long-term safety of disposal of radioactive waste. In oxygen-free water, corrosion of metals is low. Microorganisms however, are able to accelerate several types of corrosion. The groundwater at the repository depth contains up to 105 microbial cells mL-1 with considerable diversity1. The activity of microorganisms attached to the surfaces and the properties of formed biofilms are essential factors when considering the possibility of microbially induced corrosion. Under the biofilm the conditions may differ remarkably from the surrounding environment and thus induce circumstances where the corrosion is locally increased. As a consequence of corrosion of the metallic waste or capsule material, radioactive nuclides may be released into groundwater and transferred to neighbouring areas of the repository. The aim of research is to characterize microbial biofilms associated with corrosion, study the ability of the indigenous groundwater microbes to produce aggressive corrosive agents and in addition to this the ability of microorganisms from deep terrestrial biosphere to benefit from these metallic material.

AB - Microbially induced corrosion in deep bedrock is important when evaluating long-term safety of disposal of radioactive waste. In oxygen-free water, corrosion of metals is low. Microorganisms however, are able to accelerate several types of corrosion. The groundwater at the repository depth contains up to 105 microbial cells mL-1 with considerable diversity1. The activity of microorganisms attached to the surfaces and the properties of formed biofilms are essential factors when considering the possibility of microbially induced corrosion. Under the biofilm the conditions may differ remarkably from the surrounding environment and thus induce circumstances where the corrosion is locally increased. As a consequence of corrosion of the metallic waste or capsule material, radioactive nuclides may be released into groundwater and transferred to neighbouring areas of the repository. The aim of research is to characterize microbial biofilms associated with corrosion, study the ability of the indigenous groundwater microbes to produce aggressive corrosive agents and in addition to this the ability of microorganisms from deep terrestrial biosphere to benefit from these metallic material.

M3 - Conference Poster

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Rajala P. Microbially induced corrosion of steel and copper materials in deep geological repositories. 2015. Poster session presented at Annual Waste Management Symposia, WM2015, Phoenix, United States.