Microelectromechanical systems in electrical metrology

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    33 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) will have an important role in metrology. The essential features of a MEMS are (1) a piece of single crystal silicon forming a spring; (2) metallized surfaces of silicon structures that define an electrode geometry; (3) electrostatic forces between surfaces in a vacuum. With an electrostatic drive and readout such a system will dissipate very little power. In addition, compared to semiconducting devices, microelectromechanical components are large in size, and hence a low 1/f noise level is expected. We show that a MEMS can be used, in principle, to realize both a DC and an AC voltage reference, an AC/DC converter, a DC current reference, a low frequency voltage divider, a microwave and millimeter wave detector, etc. Unfortunately, existing MEMS technologies, where uncoated silicon structures form the electrodes, cannot be used due to trapped charges in silicon dioxide or on its surface. Thus, metallization of the surface is needed. We report preliminary results of our DC voltage reference showing a relative fluctuation level below 1 /spl mu/V/V.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)440-444
    Number of pages5
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
    Volume50
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    metrology
    microelectromechanical systems
    MEMS
    direct current
    Silicon
    alternating current
    electric potential
    silicon
    Microelectromechanical devices
    electrostatics
    Voltage dividers
    Electrodes
    electrodes
    Electrostatic force
    dividers
    Electric potential
    Metallizing
    Millimeter waves
    millimeter waves
    converters

    Cite this

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    title = "Microelectromechanical systems in electrical metrology",
    abstract = "Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) will have an important role in metrology. The essential features of a MEMS are (1) a piece of single crystal silicon forming a spring; (2) metallized surfaces of silicon structures that define an electrode geometry; (3) electrostatic forces between surfaces in a vacuum. With an electrostatic drive and readout such a system will dissipate very little power. In addition, compared to semiconducting devices, microelectromechanical components are large in size, and hence a low 1/f noise level is expected. We show that a MEMS can be used, in principle, to realize both a DC and an AC voltage reference, an AC/DC converter, a DC current reference, a low frequency voltage divider, a microwave and millimeter wave detector, etc. Unfortunately, existing MEMS technologies, where uncoated silicon structures form the electrodes, cannot be used due to trapped charges in silicon dioxide or on its surface. Thus, metallization of the surface is needed. We report preliminary results of our DC voltage reference showing a relative fluctuation level below 1 /spl mu/V/V.",
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    Microelectromechanical systems in electrical metrology. / Seppä, Heikki; Kyynäräinen, Jukka; Oja, Aarne.

    In: IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. 50, No. 2, 2001, p. 440-444.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    T1 - Microelectromechanical systems in electrical metrology

    AU - Seppä, Heikki

    AU - Kyynäräinen, Jukka

    AU - Oja, Aarne

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    AB - Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) will have an important role in metrology. The essential features of a MEMS are (1) a piece of single crystal silicon forming a spring; (2) metallized surfaces of silicon structures that define an electrode geometry; (3) electrostatic forces between surfaces in a vacuum. With an electrostatic drive and readout such a system will dissipate very little power. In addition, compared to semiconducting devices, microelectromechanical components are large in size, and hence a low 1/f noise level is expected. We show that a MEMS can be used, in principle, to realize both a DC and an AC voltage reference, an AC/DC converter, a DC current reference, a low frequency voltage divider, a microwave and millimeter wave detector, etc. Unfortunately, existing MEMS technologies, where uncoated silicon structures form the electrodes, cannot be used due to trapped charges in silicon dioxide or on its surface. Thus, metallization of the surface is needed. We report preliminary results of our DC voltage reference showing a relative fluctuation level below 1 /spl mu/V/V.

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