Microhardness of the microstructural phases of laser hardened steels

Feng Qiu, Veli Kujanpää, Juha Uusitalo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This study investigated the microhardness and microstructure of different steels hardened by a fibre laser. These samples included rolled steel, quenched and tempered steel, annealed alloyed steel and conventionally through-hardened steel. Microhardness (HV0.01) was measured in martensite, pearlite, ferrite and cementite structures at different depths below the laser-irradiated surface. The microhardness test results were compared with the conventional macrohardness (HV5) results. Increase of carbon content caused higher microhardness of martensite, although this influence was weaker than the effect on macrohardness. The grain size of rolled ferritic-pearlitic steels had distinct effect on surface microhardness. The macrohardness of quenched and tempered steel might be markedly influenced by the homogeneity of alloy contents. In-grain indentation showed that cementite is around 150 HV harder than pearlite. High Cr content may increase the microhardness on the surface and up to a depth of about 0.6 mm. Soft annealed alloyed steels achieved high surface hardness but poor hardened depth despite high alloy content. Dispersed granular pearlite did not affect the microhardness of soft annealed steel. The macrohardness of the base material was close to the microhardness of the softer phase structure. The measured microhardness was about 100-250 HV higher than the macrohardness.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings 14th NOLAMP Conference
Subtitle of host publicationThe 14th Nordic Laser Materials Processing Conference
Place of PublicationLuleå, Sweden
PublisherLuleå University of Technology
Pages269-280
ISBN (Electronic)978-91-7439-689-8
ISBN (Print)978-91-7439-688-1
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
Event14th Nordic Laser Materials Processing Conference, NOLAMP 14 - Gothenburg, Sweden
Duration: 26 Aug 201328 Aug 2013
Conference number: 14

Conference

Conference14th Nordic Laser Materials Processing Conference, NOLAMP 14
Abbreviated titleNOLAMP 14
CountrySweden
CityGothenburg
Period26/08/1328/08/13

Fingerprint

Microhardness
Steel
Lasers
Pearlite
Martensite
Phase structure
Fiber lasers
Indentation
Ferrite
Hardness
Microstructure
Carbon

Keywords

  • steel
  • laser
  • hardening
  • microhardness
  • grain size
  • microstructure

Cite this

Qiu, F., Kujanpää, V., & Uusitalo, J. (2013). Microhardness of the microstructural phases of laser hardened steels. In Proceedings 14th NOLAMP Conference : The 14th Nordic Laser Materials Processing Conference (pp. 269-280). Luleå, Sweden: Luleå University of Technology.
Qiu, Feng ; Kujanpää, Veli ; Uusitalo, Juha. / Microhardness of the microstructural phases of laser hardened steels. Proceedings 14th NOLAMP Conference : The 14th Nordic Laser Materials Processing Conference. Luleå, Sweden : Luleå University of Technology, 2013. pp. 269-280
@inproceedings{947c40b540ac4264a0954f38d33c451e,
title = "Microhardness of the microstructural phases of laser hardened steels",
abstract = "This study investigated the microhardness and microstructure of different steels hardened by a fibre laser. These samples included rolled steel, quenched and tempered steel, annealed alloyed steel and conventionally through-hardened steel. Microhardness (HV0.01) was measured in martensite, pearlite, ferrite and cementite structures at different depths below the laser-irradiated surface. The microhardness test results were compared with the conventional macrohardness (HV5) results. Increase of carbon content caused higher microhardness of martensite, although this influence was weaker than the effect on macrohardness. The grain size of rolled ferritic-pearlitic steels had distinct effect on surface microhardness. The macrohardness of quenched and tempered steel might be markedly influenced by the homogeneity of alloy contents. In-grain indentation showed that cementite is around 150 HV harder than pearlite. High Cr content may increase the microhardness on the surface and up to a depth of about 0.6 mm. Soft annealed alloyed steels achieved high surface hardness but poor hardened depth despite high alloy content. Dispersed granular pearlite did not affect the microhardness of soft annealed steel. The macrohardness of the base material was close to the microhardness of the softer phase structure. The measured microhardness was about 100-250 HV higher than the macrohardness.",
keywords = "steel, laser, hardening, microhardness, grain size, microstructure",
author = "Feng Qiu and Veli Kujanp{\"a}{\"a} and Juha Uusitalo",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-91-7439-688-1",
pages = "269--280",
booktitle = "Proceedings 14th NOLAMP Conference",
publisher = "Lule{\aa} University of Technology",
address = "Sweden",

}

Qiu, F, Kujanpää, V & Uusitalo, J 2013, Microhardness of the microstructural phases of laser hardened steels. in Proceedings 14th NOLAMP Conference : The 14th Nordic Laser Materials Processing Conference. Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden, pp. 269-280, 14th Nordic Laser Materials Processing Conference, NOLAMP 14, Gothenburg, Sweden, 26/08/13.

Microhardness of the microstructural phases of laser hardened steels. / Qiu, Feng; Kujanpää, Veli; Uusitalo, Juha.

Proceedings 14th NOLAMP Conference : The 14th Nordic Laser Materials Processing Conference. Luleå, Sweden : Luleå University of Technology, 2013. p. 269-280.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Microhardness of the microstructural phases of laser hardened steels

AU - Qiu, Feng

AU - Kujanpää, Veli

AU - Uusitalo, Juha

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - This study investigated the microhardness and microstructure of different steels hardened by a fibre laser. These samples included rolled steel, quenched and tempered steel, annealed alloyed steel and conventionally through-hardened steel. Microhardness (HV0.01) was measured in martensite, pearlite, ferrite and cementite structures at different depths below the laser-irradiated surface. The microhardness test results were compared with the conventional macrohardness (HV5) results. Increase of carbon content caused higher microhardness of martensite, although this influence was weaker than the effect on macrohardness. The grain size of rolled ferritic-pearlitic steels had distinct effect on surface microhardness. The macrohardness of quenched and tempered steel might be markedly influenced by the homogeneity of alloy contents. In-grain indentation showed that cementite is around 150 HV harder than pearlite. High Cr content may increase the microhardness on the surface and up to a depth of about 0.6 mm. Soft annealed alloyed steels achieved high surface hardness but poor hardened depth despite high alloy content. Dispersed granular pearlite did not affect the microhardness of soft annealed steel. The macrohardness of the base material was close to the microhardness of the softer phase structure. The measured microhardness was about 100-250 HV higher than the macrohardness.

AB - This study investigated the microhardness and microstructure of different steels hardened by a fibre laser. These samples included rolled steel, quenched and tempered steel, annealed alloyed steel and conventionally through-hardened steel. Microhardness (HV0.01) was measured in martensite, pearlite, ferrite and cementite structures at different depths below the laser-irradiated surface. The microhardness test results were compared with the conventional macrohardness (HV5) results. Increase of carbon content caused higher microhardness of martensite, although this influence was weaker than the effect on macrohardness. The grain size of rolled ferritic-pearlitic steels had distinct effect on surface microhardness. The macrohardness of quenched and tempered steel might be markedly influenced by the homogeneity of alloy contents. In-grain indentation showed that cementite is around 150 HV harder than pearlite. High Cr content may increase the microhardness on the surface and up to a depth of about 0.6 mm. Soft annealed alloyed steels achieved high surface hardness but poor hardened depth despite high alloy content. Dispersed granular pearlite did not affect the microhardness of soft annealed steel. The macrohardness of the base material was close to the microhardness of the softer phase structure. The measured microhardness was about 100-250 HV higher than the macrohardness.

KW - steel

KW - laser

KW - hardening

KW - microhardness

KW - grain size

KW - microstructure

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 978-91-7439-688-1

SP - 269

EP - 280

BT - Proceedings 14th NOLAMP Conference

PB - Luleå University of Technology

CY - Luleå, Sweden

ER -

Qiu F, Kujanpää V, Uusitalo J. Microhardness of the microstructural phases of laser hardened steels. In Proceedings 14th NOLAMP Conference : The 14th Nordic Laser Materials Processing Conference. Luleå, Sweden: Luleå University of Technology. 2013. p. 269-280