Micromechanics of multiple cracking: Part II Statistical tensile behaviour

Jyrki Kullaa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


A computational model for fibre-reinforced brittle materials in tension is developed. The model includes multiple cracking and strain-hardening processes, as well as single fracture and strain softening. The composite behaviour is derived from a single-fibre analysis by integrating over all possible fibre locations and orientations. The single-fibre analysis is based on symmetry fibres satisfying the equilibrium condition. The result is a complete constitutive relation: stress–strain or stress–crack width curve, and a prediction of crack spacing. The model is an extension of the ACK theory by Aveston, Cooper and Kelly, as it can be used with discontinuous fibres with different distributions, as well as for analysing hybrid composites. Fibre orientation introduces additional phenomena, which are taken into account with simple models. It was seen that matrix spalling at the fibre exit point may have a considerable effect on the composite strain and the crack width. The effect of fibre aspect ratio on the failure mode was studied, and it was found that with an intermediate fibre diameter the composite fails by fibre pull-out in a multiple-cracking stage, resulting in a strain-hardening material with a high ductility. The proposed model was verified against experimental results of a strain-hardening material, called an engineered cementitious composite. The model can be used in tailoring new materials to meet certain requirements, or in studying the effects of micromechanical properties on the composite behaviour, including the crack width, crack spacing, post-cracking strength, ultimate strain, and ductility. The derived constitutive relationship can further be used in finite element analyses defining the behaviour perpendicular to the crack.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4225-4234
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 1998
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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