Microstructures and mechanical properties of sprayformed white irons

Yunfeng Yang (Corresponding Author), Ari Hirvonen, Jouko Virta, Simo-Pekka Hannula

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a preliminary research in which sprayforming process is used to modify the eutectic carbide morphology and properties of white irons. The sprayformed white irons are compared with those of traditional cast samples. As a rapid solidification process, sprayforming dramatically reduces carbide size and modifies the carbide morphology. Isolated eutectic carbides can be achieved with a low chromium iron. With adequate alloying of chromium, vanadium and molybdenum, the carbides are formed as fine and evenly distributed nodules in the order of microns. Segregation problems normally encountered in high vanadium alloy casting are eliminated. Sprayformed iron may offer excellent combination of hardness and toughness for high wear performance with heavy impact loading. Machinability of the iron is also improved.

The sprayformed irons may be suitable to make such wear resistant components of near net shape as compound tubes and clad rolls. The potential of sprayformed white irons in these applications and the factors affecting the bonding of the cladding layer to the substrate as well as their influence on the microstructures are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-337
JournalInternational Journal of Cast Metals Research
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 2003
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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