Microwave detection at 110 GHz by nanowires with broken symmetry

C. Balocco, A.M. Song (Corresponding Author), Markku Åberg, A. Forchel, T. Gonzalez, J. Mateos, I. Maximov, M. Missous, A.A. Rezazadeh, Jan Saijets, L. Samuelson, D. Wallin, K. Williams, L. Worschech, H.Q. Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

By using arrays of nanowires with intentionally broken symmetry, we were able to detect microwaves up to 110 GHz at room temperature. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest speed that has been demonstrated in different types of novel electronic nanostructures to date. Our experiments showed a rather stable detection sensitivity over a broad frequency range from 100 MHz to 110 GHz. The novel working principle enabled the nanowires to detect microwaves efficiently without a dc bias. In principle, the need for only one high-resolution lithography step and the planar architecture allow an arbitrary number of nanowires to be made by folding a linear array as many times as required over a large area, for example, a whole wafer. Our experiment on 18 parallel nanowires showed a sensitivity of approximately 75 mV dc output/mW of nominal input power of the 110 GHz signal, even though only about 0.4% of the rf power was effectively applied to the structure because of an impedance mismatch. Because this array of nanowires operates simultaneously, low detection noise was achieved, allowing us to detect −25 dBm 110 GHz microwaves at zero bias with a standard setup.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1423 - 1427
Number of pages5
JournalNano Letters
Volume5
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Nanowires
broken symmetry
nanowires
Microwaves
microwaves
linear arrays
folding
Lithography
Nanostructures
lithography
frequency ranges
Experiments
high speed
wafers
impedance
output
sensitivity
high resolution
room temperature
electronics

Keywords

  • microwave devices
  • nanowires
  • nanostructures
  • nanodevices

Cite this

Balocco, C., Song, A. M., Åberg, M., Forchel, A., Gonzalez, T., Mateos, J., ... Xu, H. Q. (2005). Microwave detection at 110 GHz by nanowires with broken symmetry. Nano Letters, 5(7), 1423 - 1427. https://doi.org/10.1021/nl050779g
Balocco, C. ; Song, A.M. ; Åberg, Markku ; Forchel, A. ; Gonzalez, T. ; Mateos, J. ; Maximov, I. ; Missous, M. ; Rezazadeh, A.A. ; Saijets, Jan ; Samuelson, L. ; Wallin, D. ; Williams, K. ; Worschech, L. ; Xu, H.Q. / Microwave detection at 110 GHz by nanowires with broken symmetry. In: Nano Letters. 2005 ; Vol. 5, No. 7. pp. 1423 - 1427.
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abstract = "By using arrays of nanowires with intentionally broken symmetry, we were able to detect microwaves up to 110 GHz at room temperature. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest speed that has been demonstrated in different types of novel electronic nanostructures to date. Our experiments showed a rather stable detection sensitivity over a broad frequency range from 100 MHz to 110 GHz. The novel working principle enabled the nanowires to detect microwaves efficiently without a dc bias. In principle, the need for only one high-resolution lithography step and the planar architecture allow an arbitrary number of nanowires to be made by folding a linear array as many times as required over a large area, for example, a whole wafer. Our experiment on 18 parallel nanowires showed a sensitivity of approximately 75 mV dc output/mW of nominal input power of the 110 GHz signal, even though only about 0.4{\%} of the rf power was effectively applied to the structure because of an impedance mismatch. Because this array of nanowires operates simultaneously, low detection noise was achieved, allowing us to detect −25 dBm 110 GHz microwaves at zero bias with a standard setup.",
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author = "C. Balocco and A.M. Song and Markku {\AA}berg and A. Forchel and T. Gonzalez and J. Mateos and I. Maximov and M. Missous and A.A. Rezazadeh and Jan Saijets and L. Samuelson and D. Wallin and K. Williams and L. Worschech and H.Q. Xu",
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Balocco, C, Song, AM, Åberg, M, Forchel, A, Gonzalez, T, Mateos, J, Maximov, I, Missous, M, Rezazadeh, AA, Saijets, J, Samuelson, L, Wallin, D, Williams, K, Worschech, L & Xu, HQ 2005, 'Microwave detection at 110 GHz by nanowires with broken symmetry', Nano Letters, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 1423 - 1427. https://doi.org/10.1021/nl050779g

Microwave detection at 110 GHz by nanowires with broken symmetry. / Balocco, C.; Song, A.M. (Corresponding Author); Åberg, Markku; Forchel, A.; Gonzalez, T.; Mateos, J.; Maximov, I.; Missous, M.; Rezazadeh, A.A.; Saijets, Jan; Samuelson, L.; Wallin, D.; Williams, K.; Worschech, L.; Xu, H.Q.

In: Nano Letters, Vol. 5, No. 7, 2005, p. 1423 - 1427.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Microwave detection at 110 GHz by nanowires with broken symmetry

AU - Balocco, C.

AU - Song, A.M.

AU - Åberg, Markku

AU - Forchel, A.

AU - Gonzalez, T.

AU - Mateos, J.

AU - Maximov, I.

AU - Missous, M.

AU - Rezazadeh, A.A.

AU - Saijets, Jan

AU - Samuelson, L.

AU - Wallin, D.

AU - Williams, K.

AU - Worschech, L.

AU - Xu, H.Q.

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - By using arrays of nanowires with intentionally broken symmetry, we were able to detect microwaves up to 110 GHz at room temperature. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest speed that has been demonstrated in different types of novel electronic nanostructures to date. Our experiments showed a rather stable detection sensitivity over a broad frequency range from 100 MHz to 110 GHz. The novel working principle enabled the nanowires to detect microwaves efficiently without a dc bias. In principle, the need for only one high-resolution lithography step and the planar architecture allow an arbitrary number of nanowires to be made by folding a linear array as many times as required over a large area, for example, a whole wafer. Our experiment on 18 parallel nanowires showed a sensitivity of approximately 75 mV dc output/mW of nominal input power of the 110 GHz signal, even though only about 0.4% of the rf power was effectively applied to the structure because of an impedance mismatch. Because this array of nanowires operates simultaneously, low detection noise was achieved, allowing us to detect −25 dBm 110 GHz microwaves at zero bias with a standard setup.

AB - By using arrays of nanowires with intentionally broken symmetry, we were able to detect microwaves up to 110 GHz at room temperature. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest speed that has been demonstrated in different types of novel electronic nanostructures to date. Our experiments showed a rather stable detection sensitivity over a broad frequency range from 100 MHz to 110 GHz. The novel working principle enabled the nanowires to detect microwaves efficiently without a dc bias. In principle, the need for only one high-resolution lithography step and the planar architecture allow an arbitrary number of nanowires to be made by folding a linear array as many times as required over a large area, for example, a whole wafer. Our experiment on 18 parallel nanowires showed a sensitivity of approximately 75 mV dc output/mW of nominal input power of the 110 GHz signal, even though only about 0.4% of the rf power was effectively applied to the structure because of an impedance mismatch. Because this array of nanowires operates simultaneously, low detection noise was achieved, allowing us to detect −25 dBm 110 GHz microwaves at zero bias with a standard setup.

KW - microwave devices

KW - nanowires

KW - nanostructures

KW - nanodevices

U2 - 10.1021/nl050779g

DO - 10.1021/nl050779g

M3 - Article

VL - 5

SP - 1423

EP - 1427

JO - Nano Letters

JF - Nano Letters

SN - 1530-6984

IS - 7

ER -

Balocco C, Song AM, Åberg M, Forchel A, Gonzalez T, Mateos J et al. Microwave detection at 110 GHz by nanowires with broken symmetry. Nano Letters. 2005;5(7):1423 - 1427. https://doi.org/10.1021/nl050779g