Mine Closure Handbook: Environmental Techniques for the Extractive Industry

Päivi Heikkinen (Editor), Pentti Noras (Editor), R. Salminen (Editor), Ulla-Maija Mroueh, P. Vahanne, Margareta Wahlström, Tommi Kaartinen, Markku Juvankoski, Elina Vestola, Esa Mäkelä, T. Leino, M. Kosonen, T. Hatakka, J. Jarva, T. Kauppila, J. Leveinen, P. Lintinen, P. Suomela, H. Höyry, P. ValliusVeikko Komppa, P. Tolla

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Abstract

The Mine Closure Handbook has been compiled within the Tekes -financed project Environmental techniques for the Extractive Industries and it has been directed to mining companies, authorities and consultants. The planning and implementation of mine closure are constrained by legislative requirements that define criteria and objectives for closure, as well as dictate responsibilities and sanctions. In addition to legislation, principles of sustainability, good practice and environmental management systems provide guidelines for closure. The wide variety of raw materials mined and the differences in operations are reflected in mine closure planning and implementation. The selection of methods employed is dependent on e.g. the nature of the deposit and the production process, the type and properties of the by-products and the environmental conditions at the site. The selection of methods must be based on site-specific considerations. The introductory section of the Handbook describes the special features of mining projects, e.g. the life cycles and environmental impacts of mines. The structure and importance of mining industry in Finland are also reviewed. The next section discusses the general principles and aims of mine closure, while the subsequent section on legislation reviews current legislative requirements for mine closure and presents case law and permit decisions. The following sections describe procedures of environmental impact assessment and risk assessment related to mine closure and present examples of studies that can be used to support planning. After the planning section, the Handbook focuses on the implementation of mine closure and presents technical solutions and risk control measures of relevance to closure. The final sections deal with aspects of after-closure monitoring and cost accounting. The appendices of the Handbook provide in-depth views of the most important topics raised in the main text.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherGeological Survey of Finland
Number of pages169
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-217-055-2
ISBN (Print)978-952-217-042-2
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Fingerprint

legislation
extractive industry
sanction
environmental impact assessment
mining industry
environmental management
risk assessment
environmental impact
life cycle
environmental conditions
planning
monitoring
cost
method
project
principle of sustainability
responsibility
decision
raw material
control measure

Keywords

  • mines
  • mine closure
  • planning
  • legislation
  • environmental geology
  • environmental effects
  • risk assessment
  • remediation
  • manuals
  • Finland

Cite this

Heikkinen, P. (Ed.), Noras, P. (Ed.), Salminen, R. (Ed.), Mroueh, U-M., Vahanne, P., Wahlström, M., ... Tolla, P. (2008). Mine Closure Handbook: Environmental Techniques for the Extractive Industry. Espoo: Geological Survey of Finland.
Heikkinen, Päivi (Editor) ; Noras, Pentti (Editor) ; Salminen, R. (Editor) ; Mroueh, Ulla-Maija ; Vahanne, P. ; Wahlström, Margareta ; Kaartinen, Tommi ; Juvankoski, Markku ; Vestola, Elina ; Mäkelä, Esa ; Leino, T. ; Kosonen, M. ; Hatakka, T. ; Jarva, J. ; Kauppila, T. ; Leveinen, J. ; Lintinen, P. ; Suomela, P. ; Höyry, H. ; Vallius, P. ; Komppa, Veikko ; Tolla, P. / Mine Closure Handbook : Environmental Techniques for the Extractive Industry. Espoo : Geological Survey of Finland, 2008. 169 p.
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Heikkinen, P (ed.), Noras, P (ed.), Salminen, R (ed.), Mroueh, U-M, Vahanne, P, Wahlström, M, Kaartinen, T, Juvankoski, M, Vestola, E, Mäkelä, E, Leino, T, Kosonen, M, Hatakka, T, Jarva, J, Kauppila, T, Leveinen, J, Lintinen, P, Suomela, P, Höyry, H, Vallius, P, Komppa, V & Tolla, P 2008, Mine Closure Handbook: Environmental Techniques for the Extractive Industry. Geological Survey of Finland, Espoo.

Mine Closure Handbook : Environmental Techniques for the Extractive Industry. / Heikkinen, Päivi (Editor); Noras, Pentti (Editor); Salminen, R. (Editor); Mroueh, Ulla-Maija; Vahanne, P.; Wahlström, Margareta; Kaartinen, Tommi; Juvankoski, Markku; Vestola, Elina; Mäkelä, Esa; Leino, T.; Kosonen, M.; Hatakka, T.; Jarva, J.; Kauppila, T.; Leveinen, J.; Lintinen, P.; Suomela, P.; Höyry, H.; Vallius, P.; Komppa, Veikko; Tolla, P.

Espoo : Geological Survey of Finland, 2008. 169 p.

Research output: Book/ReportReport

TY - BOOK

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AU - Juvankoski, Markku

AU - Vestola, Elina

AU - Mäkelä, Esa

AU - Leino, T.

AU - Kosonen, M.

AU - Hatakka, T.

AU - Jarva, J.

AU - Kauppila, T.

AU - Leveinen, J.

AU - Lintinen, P.

AU - Suomela, P.

AU - Höyry, H.

AU - Vallius, P.

AU - Komppa, Veikko

AU - Tolla, P.

A2 - Heikkinen, Päivi

A2 - Noras, Pentti

A2 - Salminen, R.

PY - 2008

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N2 - The Mine Closure Handbook has been compiled within the Tekes -financed project Environmental techniques for the Extractive Industries and it has been directed to mining companies, authorities and consultants. The planning and implementation of mine closure are constrained by legislative requirements that define criteria and objectives for closure, as well as dictate responsibilities and sanctions. In addition to legislation, principles of sustainability, good practice and environmental management systems provide guidelines for closure. The wide variety of raw materials mined and the differences in operations are reflected in mine closure planning and implementation. The selection of methods employed is dependent on e.g. the nature of the deposit and the production process, the type and properties of the by-products and the environmental conditions at the site. The selection of methods must be based on site-specific considerations. The introductory section of the Handbook describes the special features of mining projects, e.g. the life cycles and environmental impacts of mines. The structure and importance of mining industry in Finland are also reviewed. The next section discusses the general principles and aims of mine closure, while the subsequent section on legislation reviews current legislative requirements for mine closure and presents case law and permit decisions. The following sections describe procedures of environmental impact assessment and risk assessment related to mine closure and present examples of studies that can be used to support planning. After the planning section, the Handbook focuses on the implementation of mine closure and presents technical solutions and risk control measures of relevance to closure. The final sections deal with aspects of after-closure monitoring and cost accounting. The appendices of the Handbook provide in-depth views of the most important topics raised in the main text.

AB - The Mine Closure Handbook has been compiled within the Tekes -financed project Environmental techniques for the Extractive Industries and it has been directed to mining companies, authorities and consultants. The planning and implementation of mine closure are constrained by legislative requirements that define criteria and objectives for closure, as well as dictate responsibilities and sanctions. In addition to legislation, principles of sustainability, good practice and environmental management systems provide guidelines for closure. The wide variety of raw materials mined and the differences in operations are reflected in mine closure planning and implementation. The selection of methods employed is dependent on e.g. the nature of the deposit and the production process, the type and properties of the by-products and the environmental conditions at the site. The selection of methods must be based on site-specific considerations. The introductory section of the Handbook describes the special features of mining projects, e.g. the life cycles and environmental impacts of mines. The structure and importance of mining industry in Finland are also reviewed. The next section discusses the general principles and aims of mine closure, while the subsequent section on legislation reviews current legislative requirements for mine closure and presents case law and permit decisions. The following sections describe procedures of environmental impact assessment and risk assessment related to mine closure and present examples of studies that can be used to support planning. After the planning section, the Handbook focuses on the implementation of mine closure and presents technical solutions and risk control measures of relevance to closure. The final sections deal with aspects of after-closure monitoring and cost accounting. The appendices of the Handbook provide in-depth views of the most important topics raised in the main text.

KW - mines

KW - mine closure

KW - planning

KW - legislation

KW - environmental geology

KW - environmental effects

KW - risk assessment

KW - remediation

KW - manuals

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M3 - Report

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BT - Mine Closure Handbook

PB - Geological Survey of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Heikkinen P, (ed.), Noras P, (ed.), Salminen R, (ed.), Mroueh U-M, Vahanne P, Wahlström M et al. Mine Closure Handbook: Environmental Techniques for the Extractive Industry. Espoo: Geological Survey of Finland, 2008. 169 p.