Mini array of quantum Hall devices based on epitaxial graphene

S. Novikov, N. Lebedeva, Jussi Hämäläinen, Ilkka Iisakka, Pekka Immonen, Antti Manninen, A. Satrapinski

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    19 Citations (Scopus)


    Series connection of four quantum Hall effect (QHE) devices based on epitaxial graphene films was studied for realization of a quantum resistance standard with an up-scaled value. The tested devices showed quantum Hall plateaux RH,2 at a filling factor v = 2 starting from a relatively low magnetic field (between 4 T and 5 T) when the temperature was 1.5 K. The precision measurements of quantized Hall resistance of four QHE devices connected by triple series connections and external bonding wires were done at B = 7 T and T = 1.5 K using a commercial precision resistance bridge with 50 μA current through the QHE device. The results showed that the deviation of the quantized Hall resistance of the series connection of four graphene-based QHE devices from the expected value of 4×RH,2 = 2 h/e2 was smaller than the relative standard uncertainty of the measurement (<1 × 10−7) limited by the used resistance bridge.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number174504
    JournalJournal of Applied Physics
    Issue number17
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • graphene
    • metrology
    • quantum Hall effect
    • array
    • resistance


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