Minimizing Entropy and Complexity in Creative Production from Emergent Pragmatics to Action Semantics

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New insights into intractable industrial challenges can be revealed by framing them in terms of natural science. One intractable industrial challenge is that creative production can be much more financially expensive and time consuming than standardized production. Creative products include a wide range of goods that have one or more original characteristics. The scaling up of creative production is hindered by high financial production costs and long production durations. In this paper, creative production is framed in terms of interactions between entropy and complexity during progressions from emergent pragmatics to action semantics. An analysis of interactions between entropy and complexity is provided that relates established practice in creative production to organizational survival in changing environments. The analysis in this paper is related to assembly theory, which is a recent theoretical development in natural science that addresses how open-ended generation of complex physical objects can emerge from selection in biology. Parallels between assembly practice in industrial production and assembly theory in natural science are explained through constructs that are common to both, such as assembly index. Overall, analyses reported in the paper reveal that interactions between entropy and complexity underlie intractable challenges in creative production, from the production of individual products to the survival of companies.
Original languageEnglish
Article number364
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2024
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


This research was funded by the Research Council of Finland grant number 357221.


  • active inference
  • assembly index
  • assembly theory
  • complexity
  • creativity
  • entropy
  • generative
  • latent
  • manifest
  • pragmatics
  • production
  • semantics
  • survival
  • world models


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