Mixtures of Thermostable Enzymes Show High Performance in Biomass Saccharification

Anne Kallioinen, T. Puranen, Matti Siika-aho

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Abstract

Optimal enzyme mixtures of six Trichoderma reesei enzymes and five thermostable enzyme components were developed for the hydrolysis of hydrothermally pretreated wheat straw, alkaline oxidised sugar cane bagasse and steam-exploded bagasse by statistically designed experiments. Preliminary studies to narrow down the optimization parameters showed that a cellobiohydrolase/endoglucanase (CBH/EG) ratio of 4:1 or higher of thermostable enzymes gave the maximal CBH-EG synergy in the hydrolysis of hydrothermally pretreated wheat straw. The composition of optimal enzyme mixtures depended clearly on the substrate and on the enzyme system studied. The optimal enzyme mixture of thermostable enzymes was dominated by Cel7A and required a relatively high amount of xylanase, whereas with T. reesei enzymes, the high proportion of Cel7B appeared to provide the required xylanase activity. The main effect of the pretreatment method was that the required proportion of xylanase was higher and the proportion of Cel7A lower in the optimized mixture for hydrolysis of alkaline oxidised bagasse than steam-exploded bagasse. In prolonged hydrolyses, less Cel7A was generally required in the optimal mixture. Five-component mixtures of thermostable enzymes showed comparable hydrolysis yields to those of commercial enzyme mixtures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1038-1056
Number of pages19
JournalApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume173
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Keywords

  • biomass sugars
  • cellulase
  • Trichoderma reesei
  • enzymes
  • hydrolysis

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