Mode of wood fibre breakage during thermoplastic melt processing

Alan R. Dickson (Corresponding Author), David Sandquist (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During polymer composite melt processing thermomechanical wood pulp fibres (WF) have a different breakage mode than described for other natural fibres and glass fibre. During repeated bending, expected during twin-screw extrusion and injection moulding, WF fail by a mode related to their cross-section dimensions. Generally, fibres with large lumens relative to wall thickness ovalise and buckle. Conversely fibres with small lumens relative to wall thickness generally fracture. Confocal microscopy of WF extracted from the polymer matrix after melt processing showed a high degree of cross-section collapse of the bent and twisted fibres. The ability to cross-sectionally collapse during composites processing may make the fibres more resilient to repeated bending stresses and help with fibre length retention. Observations suggest fractures were initiated from the edges of the bent fibres and propagated across the fibre.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)496-503
Number of pages8
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Volume112
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Thermoplastics
Wood
Fibers
Processing
Pulp
Extrusion molding
Bending (forming)
Bending (deformation)
Natural fibers
Confocal microscopy
Composite materials
Polymer matrix
Injection molding
Glass fibers
Polymers

Keywords

  • A. Wood fibres
  • B. Fibre deformation
  • D. Optical microscopy
  • E. Extrusion

Cite this

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title = "Mode of wood fibre breakage during thermoplastic melt processing",
abstract = "During polymer composite melt processing thermomechanical wood pulp fibres (WF) have a different breakage mode than described for other natural fibres and glass fibre. During repeated bending, expected during twin-screw extrusion and injection moulding, WF fail by a mode related to their cross-section dimensions. Generally, fibres with large lumens relative to wall thickness ovalise and buckle. Conversely fibres with small lumens relative to wall thickness generally fracture. Confocal microscopy of WF extracted from the polymer matrix after melt processing showed a high degree of cross-section collapse of the bent and twisted fibres. The ability to cross-sectionally collapse during composites processing may make the fibres more resilient to repeated bending stresses and help with fibre length retention. Observations suggest fractures were initiated from the edges of the bent fibres and propagated across the fibre.",
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Mode of wood fibre breakage during thermoplastic melt processing. / Dickson, Alan R. (Corresponding Author); Sandquist, David (Corresponding Author).

In: Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Vol. 112, 01.09.2018, p. 496-503.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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