Model analysis of a multilayer curtain coating

Yingfeng Shen, Annaleena Kokko, Hille Rautkoski, Pasi Puukko

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    High speed multilayer curtain coating is becoming important in paper industry due to its higher efficiency, low impact on the substrate and good uniformity. Although the single layer case has been studied, documentation regarding multilayer in paper industry condition has been scant. In the curtain impingement region, the stability of multilayer coating in different operation conditions is relevant to process optimization. Understanding the role of individual layers is especially important in designing functional layers without compromising the coating speed. In this work, a pilot multilayer curtain coating impingement region is modeled with a Finite Volume Method. The curtain and web speed is 2 m/s and 16 m/s respectively. Coating colors are modeled as shear thinning fluids. The reference case has capillary number Ca=8. Apparent contact angle is used as the criteria for air entrainment tendency. The influence of individual parameters on the angle is analyzed systematically. The multiphase simulation reveals a small but intensive air vortex close behind the curtain near the web. Within the investigated variable space, the results show that higher limiting viscosity increases air entrainment tendency, and the effect is stronger in the upper coating layer. Coating density, curtain speed and thickness have positive influence on reducing air entrainment, while web speed, curtain impingement angle has negative influence. Static surface/interface tension does not have apparent influence on air entrainment due to the high capillary number. Dynamic surface tension is likely not important in high speed curtain impingement region.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationTAPPI 11th Advanced Coating Fundamentals Symposium
    Subtitle of host publicationThe Latest Advances in Coating Research and Development. Munich, Germany, 11-13 Oct. 2010
    PublisherTAPPI Press
    Pages424-435
    ISBN (Print)978-159510203-4
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication

    Fingerprint

    Multilayers
    Air entrainment
    Coatings
    Surface tension
    Shear thinning
    Finite volume method
    Contact angle
    Industry
    Vortex flow
    Viscosity
    Color
    Fluids
    Substrates
    Air

    Cite this

    Shen, Y., Kokko, A., Rautkoski, H., & Puukko, P. (2010). Model analysis of a multilayer curtain coating. In TAPPI 11th Advanced Coating Fundamentals Symposium: The Latest Advances in Coating Research and Development. Munich, Germany, 11-13 Oct. 2010 (pp. 424-435). TAPPI Press.
    Shen, Yingfeng ; Kokko, Annaleena ; Rautkoski, Hille ; Puukko, Pasi. / Model analysis of a multilayer curtain coating. TAPPI 11th Advanced Coating Fundamentals Symposium: The Latest Advances in Coating Research and Development. Munich, Germany, 11-13 Oct. 2010. TAPPI Press, 2010. pp. 424-435
    @inproceedings{bedc666a14e540098f9739e260d9a8ca,
    title = "Model analysis of a multilayer curtain coating",
    abstract = "High speed multilayer curtain coating is becoming important in paper industry due to its higher efficiency, low impact on the substrate and good uniformity. Although the single layer case has been studied, documentation regarding multilayer in paper industry condition has been scant. In the curtain impingement region, the stability of multilayer coating in different operation conditions is relevant to process optimization. Understanding the role of individual layers is especially important in designing functional layers without compromising the coating speed. In this work, a pilot multilayer curtain coating impingement region is modeled with a Finite Volume Method. The curtain and web speed is 2 m/s and 16 m/s respectively. Coating colors are modeled as shear thinning fluids. The reference case has capillary number Ca=8. Apparent contact angle is used as the criteria for air entrainment tendency. The influence of individual parameters on the angle is analyzed systematically. The multiphase simulation reveals a small but intensive air vortex close behind the curtain near the web. Within the investigated variable space, the results show that higher limiting viscosity increases air entrainment tendency, and the effect is stronger in the upper coating layer. Coating density, curtain speed and thickness have positive influence on reducing air entrainment, while web speed, curtain impingement angle has negative influence. Static surface/interface tension does not have apparent influence on air entrainment due to the high capillary number. Dynamic surface tension is likely not important in high speed curtain impingement region.",
    author = "Yingfeng Shen and Annaleena Kokko and Hille Rautkoski and Pasi Puukko",
    year = "2010",
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    isbn = "978-159510203-4",
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    Shen, Y, Kokko, A, Rautkoski, H & Puukko, P 2010, Model analysis of a multilayer curtain coating. in TAPPI 11th Advanced Coating Fundamentals Symposium: The Latest Advances in Coating Research and Development. Munich, Germany, 11-13 Oct. 2010. TAPPI Press, pp. 424-435.

    Model analysis of a multilayer curtain coating. / Shen, Yingfeng; Kokko, Annaleena; Rautkoski, Hille; Puukko, Pasi.

    TAPPI 11th Advanced Coating Fundamentals Symposium: The Latest Advances in Coating Research and Development. Munich, Germany, 11-13 Oct. 2010. TAPPI Press, 2010. p. 424-435.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Model analysis of a multilayer curtain coating

    AU - Shen, Yingfeng

    AU - Kokko, Annaleena

    AU - Rautkoski, Hille

    AU - Puukko, Pasi

    PY - 2010

    Y1 - 2010

    N2 - High speed multilayer curtain coating is becoming important in paper industry due to its higher efficiency, low impact on the substrate and good uniformity. Although the single layer case has been studied, documentation regarding multilayer in paper industry condition has been scant. In the curtain impingement region, the stability of multilayer coating in different operation conditions is relevant to process optimization. Understanding the role of individual layers is especially important in designing functional layers without compromising the coating speed. In this work, a pilot multilayer curtain coating impingement region is modeled with a Finite Volume Method. The curtain and web speed is 2 m/s and 16 m/s respectively. Coating colors are modeled as shear thinning fluids. The reference case has capillary number Ca=8. Apparent contact angle is used as the criteria for air entrainment tendency. The influence of individual parameters on the angle is analyzed systematically. The multiphase simulation reveals a small but intensive air vortex close behind the curtain near the web. Within the investigated variable space, the results show that higher limiting viscosity increases air entrainment tendency, and the effect is stronger in the upper coating layer. Coating density, curtain speed and thickness have positive influence on reducing air entrainment, while web speed, curtain impingement angle has negative influence. Static surface/interface tension does not have apparent influence on air entrainment due to the high capillary number. Dynamic surface tension is likely not important in high speed curtain impingement region.

    AB - High speed multilayer curtain coating is becoming important in paper industry due to its higher efficiency, low impact on the substrate and good uniformity. Although the single layer case has been studied, documentation regarding multilayer in paper industry condition has been scant. In the curtain impingement region, the stability of multilayer coating in different operation conditions is relevant to process optimization. Understanding the role of individual layers is especially important in designing functional layers without compromising the coating speed. In this work, a pilot multilayer curtain coating impingement region is modeled with a Finite Volume Method. The curtain and web speed is 2 m/s and 16 m/s respectively. Coating colors are modeled as shear thinning fluids. The reference case has capillary number Ca=8. Apparent contact angle is used as the criteria for air entrainment tendency. The influence of individual parameters on the angle is analyzed systematically. The multiphase simulation reveals a small but intensive air vortex close behind the curtain near the web. Within the investigated variable space, the results show that higher limiting viscosity increases air entrainment tendency, and the effect is stronger in the upper coating layer. Coating density, curtain speed and thickness have positive influence on reducing air entrainment, while web speed, curtain impingement angle has negative influence. Static surface/interface tension does not have apparent influence on air entrainment due to the high capillary number. Dynamic surface tension is likely not important in high speed curtain impingement region.

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    SN - 978-159510203-4

    SP - 424

    EP - 435

    BT - TAPPI 11th Advanced Coating Fundamentals Symposium

    PB - TAPPI Press

    ER -

    Shen Y, Kokko A, Rautkoski H, Puukko P. Model analysis of a multilayer curtain coating. In TAPPI 11th Advanced Coating Fundamentals Symposium: The Latest Advances in Coating Research and Development. Munich, Germany, 11-13 Oct. 2010. TAPPI Press. 2010. p. 424-435