Modeling Evacuees' Exit Selection with Best Response Dynamics

Harri Ehtamo, Simo Heliövaara, Simo Hostikka, Timo Korhonen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    We present a model for occupants’ exit selection in emergency evacuations. The model is based on the game theoretic concept of best response dynamics, where each player updates his strategy periodically according to other players’ strategies. A fixed point of the system of all players’ best response functions defines a Nash equilibrium of the game. In the model the players are the occupants and the strategies are the possible target exits. We present a mathematical formulation for the model and analyze its properties with simple test simulations.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationPedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008
    EditorsWolfram W.F. Klingsch, Christian Rogsch, Andreas Schadschneider, Michael Shreckenberg
    PublisherSpringer
    Chapter2
    Pages309-319
    ISBN (Electronic)978-3-642-04504-2
    ISBN (Print)978-3-642-04503-5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book
    EventThe PED 2008 Conference in Wuppertal, Germany -
    Duration: 1 Jan 2010 → …

    Conference

    ConferenceThe PED 2008 Conference in Wuppertal, Germany
    Period1/01/10 → …

    Fingerprint

    Dynamic response

    Cite this

    Ehtamo, H., Heliövaara, S., Hostikka, S., & Korhonen, T. (2010). Modeling Evacuees' Exit Selection with Best Response Dynamics. In W. W. F. Klingsch, C. Rogsch, A. Schadschneider, & M. Shreckenberg (Eds.), Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008 (pp. 309-319). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_27
    Ehtamo, Harri ; Heliövaara, Simo ; Hostikka, Simo ; Korhonen, Timo. / Modeling Evacuees' Exit Selection with Best Response Dynamics. Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008 . editor / Wolfram W.F. Klingsch ; Christian Rogsch ; Andreas Schadschneider ; Michael Shreckenberg. Springer, 2010. pp. 309-319
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    abstract = "We present a model for occupants’ exit selection in emergency evacuations. The model is based on the game theoretic concept of best response dynamics, where each player updates his strategy periodically according to other players’ strategies. A fixed point of the system of all players’ best response functions defines a Nash equilibrium of the game. In the model the players are the occupants and the strategies are the possible target exits. We present a mathematical formulation for the model and analyze its properties with simple test simulations.",
    author = "Harri Ehtamo and Simo Heli{\"o}vaara and Simo Hostikka and Timo Korhonen",
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    Ehtamo, H, Heliövaara, S, Hostikka, S & Korhonen, T 2010, Modeling Evacuees' Exit Selection with Best Response Dynamics. in WWF Klingsch, C Rogsch, A Schadschneider & M Shreckenberg (eds), Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008 . Springer, pp. 309-319, The PED 2008 Conference in Wuppertal, Germany, 1/01/10. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_27

    Modeling Evacuees' Exit Selection with Best Response Dynamics. / Ehtamo, Harri; Heliövaara, Simo; Hostikka, Simo; Korhonen, Timo.

    Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008 . ed. / Wolfram W.F. Klingsch; Christian Rogsch; Andreas Schadschneider; Michael Shreckenberg. Springer, 2010. p. 309-319.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleScientificpeer-review

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - Modeling Evacuees' Exit Selection with Best Response Dynamics

    AU - Ehtamo, Harri

    AU - Heliövaara, Simo

    AU - Hostikka, Simo

    AU - Korhonen, Timo

    PY - 2010

    Y1 - 2010

    N2 - We present a model for occupants’ exit selection in emergency evacuations. The model is based on the game theoretic concept of best response dynamics, where each player updates his strategy periodically according to other players’ strategies. A fixed point of the system of all players’ best response functions defines a Nash equilibrium of the game. In the model the players are the occupants and the strategies are the possible target exits. We present a mathematical formulation for the model and analyze its properties with simple test simulations.

    AB - We present a model for occupants’ exit selection in emergency evacuations. The model is based on the game theoretic concept of best response dynamics, where each player updates his strategy periodically according to other players’ strategies. A fixed point of the system of all players’ best response functions defines a Nash equilibrium of the game. In the model the players are the occupants and the strategies are the possible target exits. We present a mathematical formulation for the model and analyze its properties with simple test simulations.

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    SP - 309

    EP - 319

    BT - Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008

    A2 - Klingsch, Wolfram W.F.

    A2 - Rogsch, Christian

    A2 - Schadschneider, Andreas

    A2 - Shreckenberg, Michael

    PB - Springer

    ER -

    Ehtamo H, Heliövaara S, Hostikka S, Korhonen T. Modeling Evacuees' Exit Selection with Best Response Dynamics. In Klingsch WWF, Rogsch C, Schadschneider A, Shreckenberg M, editors, Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008 . Springer. 2010. p. 309-319 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_27