Modelling and dynamic simulation of a supercritical, oxy combustion circulating fluidized bed power plant concept-Firing mode switching case

Jari Lappalainen (Corresponding Author), Antti Tourunen, Hannu I. Mikkonen, Markku Hänninen, J. Kovacs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dynamic process simulation provides a tool to evaluate operational issues of a new process concept before the plant construction. This paper studies a carbon capture and storage (CCS) capable power plant concept with a model including a supercritical once-through CFB boiler with gas and water steam sides, a turbine island, an interface from the air separation unit (ASU) and the control system to manage typical operational transients. Switching between the air and oxy firing modes is one of the key operations in oxy combustion processes. The selected mode switching strategy uses simultaneous linear ramps for the mass flows of the primary and secondary air, oxygen, and recirculated flue gas. The results show that the firing mode can be successfully switched within 25-37min. The flue gas path difference between the air-firing and oxy-firing modes due to the flue gas recirculation causes significant differences in dynamic behaviour. The simulations emphasize importance of good control and coordination of the gas flows. Feedback control of the flue gas and/or oxidants O2 content during the mode switching is suggested to improve robustness against disturbances, for example, in oxygen delivery, flow measurements, fuel feeding and combustion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-24
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Boiler firing
Flue gases
Fluidized beds
power plant
Power plants
combustion
Computer simulation
air
Air
modeling
simulation
oxygen
Carbon capture
Oxygen
flow measurement
Flow measurement
gas flow
Oxidants
oxidant
turbine

Keywords

  • carbon capture and storage
  • power plants
  • circulating fluidized beds
  • oxy combustion
  • firing modes
  • dynamic process simulation
  • modelling

Cite this

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title = "Modelling and dynamic simulation of a supercritical, oxy combustion circulating fluidized bed power plant concept-Firing mode switching case",
abstract = "Dynamic process simulation provides a tool to evaluate operational issues of a new process concept before the plant construction. This paper studies a carbon capture and storage (CCS) capable power plant concept with a model including a supercritical once-through CFB boiler with gas and water steam sides, a turbine island, an interface from the air separation unit (ASU) and the control system to manage typical operational transients. Switching between the air and oxy firing modes is one of the key operations in oxy combustion processes. The selected mode switching strategy uses simultaneous linear ramps for the mass flows of the primary and secondary air, oxygen, and recirculated flue gas. The results show that the firing mode can be successfully switched within 25-37min. The flue gas path difference between the air-firing and oxy-firing modes due to the flue gas recirculation causes significant differences in dynamic behaviour. The simulations emphasize importance of good control and coordination of the gas flows. Feedback control of the flue gas and/or oxidants O2 content during the mode switching is suggested to improve robustness against disturbances, for example, in oxygen delivery, flow measurements, fuel feeding and combustion.",
keywords = "carbon capture and storage, power plants, circulating fluidized beds, oxy combustion, firing modes, dynamic process simulation, modelling",
author = "Jari Lappalainen and Antti Tourunen and Mikkonen, {Hannu I.} and Markku H{\"a}nninen and J. Kovacs",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.06.015",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
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journal = "International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control",
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T1 - Modelling and dynamic simulation of a supercritical, oxy combustion circulating fluidized bed power plant concept-Firing mode switching case

AU - Lappalainen, Jari

AU - Tourunen, Antti

AU - Mikkonen, Hannu I.

AU - Hänninen, Markku

AU - Kovacs, J.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Dynamic process simulation provides a tool to evaluate operational issues of a new process concept before the plant construction. This paper studies a carbon capture and storage (CCS) capable power plant concept with a model including a supercritical once-through CFB boiler with gas and water steam sides, a turbine island, an interface from the air separation unit (ASU) and the control system to manage typical operational transients. Switching between the air and oxy firing modes is one of the key operations in oxy combustion processes. The selected mode switching strategy uses simultaneous linear ramps for the mass flows of the primary and secondary air, oxygen, and recirculated flue gas. The results show that the firing mode can be successfully switched within 25-37min. The flue gas path difference between the air-firing and oxy-firing modes due to the flue gas recirculation causes significant differences in dynamic behaviour. The simulations emphasize importance of good control and coordination of the gas flows. Feedback control of the flue gas and/or oxidants O2 content during the mode switching is suggested to improve robustness against disturbances, for example, in oxygen delivery, flow measurements, fuel feeding and combustion.

AB - Dynamic process simulation provides a tool to evaluate operational issues of a new process concept before the plant construction. This paper studies a carbon capture and storage (CCS) capable power plant concept with a model including a supercritical once-through CFB boiler with gas and water steam sides, a turbine island, an interface from the air separation unit (ASU) and the control system to manage typical operational transients. Switching between the air and oxy firing modes is one of the key operations in oxy combustion processes. The selected mode switching strategy uses simultaneous linear ramps for the mass flows of the primary and secondary air, oxygen, and recirculated flue gas. The results show that the firing mode can be successfully switched within 25-37min. The flue gas path difference between the air-firing and oxy-firing modes due to the flue gas recirculation causes significant differences in dynamic behaviour. The simulations emphasize importance of good control and coordination of the gas flows. Feedback control of the flue gas and/or oxidants O2 content during the mode switching is suggested to improve robustness against disturbances, for example, in oxygen delivery, flow measurements, fuel feeding and combustion.

KW - carbon capture and storage

KW - power plants

KW - circulating fluidized beds

KW - oxy combustion

KW - firing modes

KW - dynamic process simulation

KW - modelling

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.06.015

DO - 10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.06.015

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 11

EP - 24

JO - International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control

JF - International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control

SN - 1750-5836

ER -