Modelling and Dynamic Studies of the Second Generation Oxy-Fired CFB Boiler

Hannu Mikkonen, Jari Lappalainen, Reijo Kuivalainen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

Climate change due the temperature increase in the world is one of the biggest challenges for the mankind. The need to develop low carbon power production is obvious already nowadays and specially in the future. In the EU 7th Framework Program's project O2GEN (Optimization of Oxygenbased CFBC Technology with CO2 capture), modelling plays a major role in evaluation of an oxy-firing and circulated fluidized bed based solution for low carbon energy production. In the earlier, 1st generation CCS capable plant concept, the conditions in the oxidant streams and furnace side were close to air-firing conditions, and the boiler could continuously produce electricity both in air and oxy modes. This paper deals with the 2nd generation concept, which major differences and improvements include duplication of the plant power capacity, increasing the oxygen content up to 40 mol% in the oxidant streams, focusing on continuous operation only in oxy-firing mode, and heat integration to increase the overall efficiency. This paper presents the 2nd generation concept modelling, simulation results as well as the first implications on the dynamic behavior, illustrated with a firing mode switching case.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 22nd international conference on fluidized bed conversion, 14-17 June 2015, Turku, Finland
PublisherÅbo Akademi
Pages1255-1263
Number of pages9
Volume2
ISBN (Print)9789521232220
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
Event22nd International Conference on Fluidized Bed Conversion, FBC 2015 - Turku, Finland
Duration: 14 Jun 201517 Jun 2015
Conference number: 22

Conference

Conference22nd International Conference on Fluidized Bed Conversion, FBC 2015
Abbreviated titleFBC 2015
CountryFinland
CityTurku
Period14/06/1517/06/15

Fingerprint

Oxidants
Boilers
Boiler firing
Carbon
Air
Climate change
Fluidized beds
Power plants
Furnaces
Electricity
Oxygen
Computer simulation
Temperature
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • CFB
  • ASU
  • CPU
  • CCS
  • dynamic modelling
  • simulation
  • oxy-firing
  • firing mode switch
  • Apros

Cite this

Mikkonen, H., Lappalainen, J., & Kuivalainen, R. (2015). Modelling and Dynamic Studies of the Second Generation Oxy-Fired CFB Boiler. In Proceedings of the 22nd international conference on fluidized bed conversion, 14-17 June 2015, Turku, Finland (Vol. 2, pp. 1255-1263). Åbo Akademi.
Mikkonen, Hannu ; Lappalainen, Jari ; Kuivalainen, Reijo. / Modelling and Dynamic Studies of the Second Generation Oxy-Fired CFB Boiler. Proceedings of the 22nd international conference on fluidized bed conversion, 14-17 June 2015, Turku, Finland. Vol. 2 Åbo Akademi, 2015. pp. 1255-1263
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title = "Modelling and Dynamic Studies of the Second Generation Oxy-Fired CFB Boiler",
abstract = "Climate change due the temperature increase in the world is one of the biggest challenges for the mankind. The need to develop low carbon power production is obvious already nowadays and specially in the future. In the EU 7th Framework Program's project O2GEN (Optimization of Oxygenbased CFBC Technology with CO2 capture), modelling plays a major role in evaluation of an oxy-firing and circulated fluidized bed based solution for low carbon energy production. In the earlier, 1st generation CCS capable plant concept, the conditions in the oxidant streams and furnace side were close to air-firing conditions, and the boiler could continuously produce electricity both in air and oxy modes. This paper deals with the 2nd generation concept, which major differences and improvements include duplication of the plant power capacity, increasing the oxygen content up to 40 mol{\%} in the oxidant streams, focusing on continuous operation only in oxy-firing mode, and heat integration to increase the overall efficiency. This paper presents the 2nd generation concept modelling, simulation results as well as the first implications on the dynamic behavior, illustrated with a firing mode switching case.",
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Mikkonen, H, Lappalainen, J & Kuivalainen, R 2015, Modelling and Dynamic Studies of the Second Generation Oxy-Fired CFB Boiler. in Proceedings of the 22nd international conference on fluidized bed conversion, 14-17 June 2015, Turku, Finland. vol. 2, Åbo Akademi, pp. 1255-1263, 22nd International Conference on Fluidized Bed Conversion, FBC 2015, Turku, Finland, 14/06/15.

Modelling and Dynamic Studies of the Second Generation Oxy-Fired CFB Boiler. / Mikkonen, Hannu; Lappalainen, Jari; Kuivalainen, Reijo.

Proceedings of the 22nd international conference on fluidized bed conversion, 14-17 June 2015, Turku, Finland. Vol. 2 Åbo Akademi, 2015. p. 1255-1263.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

TY - GEN

T1 - Modelling and Dynamic Studies of the Second Generation Oxy-Fired CFB Boiler

AU - Mikkonen, Hannu

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AU - Kuivalainen, Reijo

N1 - Project code: 100418

PY - 2015

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N2 - Climate change due the temperature increase in the world is one of the biggest challenges for the mankind. The need to develop low carbon power production is obvious already nowadays and specially in the future. In the EU 7th Framework Program's project O2GEN (Optimization of Oxygenbased CFBC Technology with CO2 capture), modelling plays a major role in evaluation of an oxy-firing and circulated fluidized bed based solution for low carbon energy production. In the earlier, 1st generation CCS capable plant concept, the conditions in the oxidant streams and furnace side were close to air-firing conditions, and the boiler could continuously produce electricity both in air and oxy modes. This paper deals with the 2nd generation concept, which major differences and improvements include duplication of the plant power capacity, increasing the oxygen content up to 40 mol% in the oxidant streams, focusing on continuous operation only in oxy-firing mode, and heat integration to increase the overall efficiency. This paper presents the 2nd generation concept modelling, simulation results as well as the first implications on the dynamic behavior, illustrated with a firing mode switching case.

AB - Climate change due the temperature increase in the world is one of the biggest challenges for the mankind. The need to develop low carbon power production is obvious already nowadays and specially in the future. In the EU 7th Framework Program's project O2GEN (Optimization of Oxygenbased CFBC Technology with CO2 capture), modelling plays a major role in evaluation of an oxy-firing and circulated fluidized bed based solution for low carbon energy production. In the earlier, 1st generation CCS capable plant concept, the conditions in the oxidant streams and furnace side were close to air-firing conditions, and the boiler could continuously produce electricity both in air and oxy modes. This paper deals with the 2nd generation concept, which major differences and improvements include duplication of the plant power capacity, increasing the oxygen content up to 40 mol% in the oxidant streams, focusing on continuous operation only in oxy-firing mode, and heat integration to increase the overall efficiency. This paper presents the 2nd generation concept modelling, simulation results as well as the first implications on the dynamic behavior, illustrated with a firing mode switching case.

KW - CFB

KW - ASU

KW - CPU

KW - CCS

KW - dynamic modelling

KW - simulation

KW - oxy-firing

KW - firing mode switch

KW - Apros

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

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BT - Proceedings of the 22nd international conference on fluidized bed conversion, 14-17 June 2015, Turku, Finland

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Mikkonen H, Lappalainen J, Kuivalainen R. Modelling and Dynamic Studies of the Second Generation Oxy-Fired CFB Boiler. In Proceedings of the 22nd international conference on fluidized bed conversion, 14-17 June 2015, Turku, Finland. Vol. 2. Åbo Akademi. 2015. p. 1255-1263