Modelling and prevention of ice accretion on wind turbines

Lasse Makkonen (Corresponding Author), Timo Laakso, Mauri Marjaniemi, K. Finstad

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    91 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A numerical model that simulates ice accretion amounts and ice shapes on wind turbine blades is presented. The model simulates both rime icing due to fog droplets and glaze icing due to precipitation at all angles of droplet attack experienced by wind turbine blades. Icing can be simulated by the model also when the blade is heated. The sensitivity of ice accretions to meteorological variables is studied and predictions of the model are compared to data from icing wind tunnel experiments and from a field study of natural wind turbine icing. Applications of the model in the design of blade heating elements for anti-icing of wind turbines are described.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3-21
    Number of pages19
    JournalWind Engineering
    Volume25
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Wind turbines
    Ice
    Turbomachine blades
    Electric heating elements
    Glazes
    Precipitation (meteorology)
    Fog
    Wind tunnels
    Numerical models
    Experiments

    Cite this

    Makkonen, Lasse ; Laakso, Timo ; Marjaniemi, Mauri ; Finstad, K. / Modelling and prevention of ice accretion on wind turbines. In: Wind Engineering. 2001 ; Vol. 25, No. 1. pp. 3-21.
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    title = "Modelling and prevention of ice accretion on wind turbines",
    abstract = "A numerical model that simulates ice accretion amounts and ice shapes on wind turbine blades is presented. The model simulates both rime icing due to fog droplets and glaze icing due to precipitation at all angles of droplet attack experienced by wind turbine blades. Icing can be simulated by the model also when the blade is heated. The sensitivity of ice accretions to meteorological variables is studied and predictions of the model are compared to data from icing wind tunnel experiments and from a field study of natural wind turbine icing. Applications of the model in the design of blade heating elements for anti-icing of wind turbines are described.",
    author = "Lasse Makkonen and Timo Laakso and Mauri Marjaniemi and K. Finstad",
    year = "2001",
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    language = "English",
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    Modelling and prevention of ice accretion on wind turbines. / Makkonen, Lasse (Corresponding Author); Laakso, Timo; Marjaniemi, Mauri; Finstad, K.

    In: Wind Engineering, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2001, p. 3-21.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Modelling and prevention of ice accretion on wind turbines

    AU - Makkonen, Lasse

    AU - Laakso, Timo

    AU - Marjaniemi, Mauri

    AU - Finstad, K.

    PY - 2001

    Y1 - 2001

    N2 - A numerical model that simulates ice accretion amounts and ice shapes on wind turbine blades is presented. The model simulates both rime icing due to fog droplets and glaze icing due to precipitation at all angles of droplet attack experienced by wind turbine blades. Icing can be simulated by the model also when the blade is heated. The sensitivity of ice accretions to meteorological variables is studied and predictions of the model are compared to data from icing wind tunnel experiments and from a field study of natural wind turbine icing. Applications of the model in the design of blade heating elements for anti-icing of wind turbines are described.

    AB - A numerical model that simulates ice accretion amounts and ice shapes on wind turbine blades is presented. The model simulates both rime icing due to fog droplets and glaze icing due to precipitation at all angles of droplet attack experienced by wind turbine blades. Icing can be simulated by the model also when the blade is heated. The sensitivity of ice accretions to meteorological variables is studied and predictions of the model are compared to data from icing wind tunnel experiments and from a field study of natural wind turbine icing. Applications of the model in the design of blade heating elements for anti-icing of wind turbines are described.

    U2 - 10.1260/0309524011495791

    DO - 10.1260/0309524011495791

    M3 - Article

    VL - 25

    SP - 3

    EP - 21

    JO - Wind Engineering

    JF - Wind Engineering

    SN - 0309-524X

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