Modelling and prevention of ice accretion on wind turbines

Lasse Makkonen (Corresponding Author), Timo Laakso, Mauri Marjaniemi, K. Finstad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A numerical model that simulates ice accretion amounts and ice shapes on wind turbine blades is presented. The model simulates both rime icing due to fog droplets and glaze icing due to precipitation at all angles of droplet attack experienced by wind turbine blades. Icing can be simulated by the model also when the blade is heated. The sensitivity of ice accretions to meteorological variables is studied and predictions of the model are compared to data from icing wind tunnel experiments and from a field study of natural wind turbine icing. Applications of the model in the design of blade heating elements for anti-icing of wind turbines are described.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-21
Number of pages19
JournalWind Engineering
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Wind turbines
Ice
Turbomachine blades
Electric heating elements
Glazes
Precipitation (meteorology)
Fog
Wind tunnels
Numerical models
Experiments

Cite this

Makkonen, Lasse ; Laakso, Timo ; Marjaniemi, Mauri ; Finstad, K. / Modelling and prevention of ice accretion on wind turbines. In: Wind Engineering. 2001 ; Vol. 25, No. 1. pp. 3-21.
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Modelling and prevention of ice accretion on wind turbines. / Makkonen, Lasse (Corresponding Author); Laakso, Timo; Marjaniemi, Mauri; Finstad, K.

In: Wind Engineering, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2001, p. 3-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Makkonen, Lasse

AU - Laakso, Timo

AU - Marjaniemi, Mauri

AU - Finstad, K.

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N2 - A numerical model that simulates ice accretion amounts and ice shapes on wind turbine blades is presented. The model simulates both rime icing due to fog droplets and glaze icing due to precipitation at all angles of droplet attack experienced by wind turbine blades. Icing can be simulated by the model also when the blade is heated. The sensitivity of ice accretions to meteorological variables is studied and predictions of the model are compared to data from icing wind tunnel experiments and from a field study of natural wind turbine icing. Applications of the model in the design of blade heating elements for anti-icing of wind turbines are described.

AB - A numerical model that simulates ice accretion amounts and ice shapes on wind turbine blades is presented. The model simulates both rime icing due to fog droplets and glaze icing due to precipitation at all angles of droplet attack experienced by wind turbine blades. Icing can be simulated by the model also when the blade is heated. The sensitivity of ice accretions to meteorological variables is studied and predictions of the model are compared to data from icing wind tunnel experiments and from a field study of natural wind turbine icing. Applications of the model in the design of blade heating elements for anti-icing of wind turbines are described.

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DO - 10.1260/0309524011495791

M3 - Article

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JF - Wind Engineering

SN - 0309-524X

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