Modelling and prevention of ice accretion on wind turbines

Lasse Makkonen (Corresponding Author), Timo Laakso, Mauri Marjaniemi, K. Finstad

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    141 Citations (Scopus)


    A numerical model that simulates ice accretion amounts and ice shapes on wind turbine blades is presented. The model simulates both rime icing due to fog droplets and glaze icing due to precipitation at all angles of droplet attack experienced by wind turbine blades. Icing can be simulated by the model also when the blade is heated. The sensitivity of ice accretions to meteorological variables is studied and predictions of the model are compared to data from icing wind tunnel experiments and from a field study of natural wind turbine icing. Applications of the model in the design of blade heating elements for anti-icing of wind turbines are described.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3-21
    Number of pages19
    JournalWind Engineering
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2001
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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