Modelling of carbonation and chloride penetration interaction by frost damage in concrete

Erkki Vesikari

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


The main objective of this research was to analyse the results of laboratory and field tests on frost attack and the effects of frost attack on the rate of carbonation and chloride penetration. Both internal frost attack and frost scaling were studied. Differential equations for interacted degradation were developed. The results of carbonation and chloride penetration tests with internally damaged concrete samples were utilised in quantification of carbonation and chloride penetration rate. The process of simultaneously proceeding frost attack, carbonation and chloride penetration could be reproduced by computer simulation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationXXI Nordic Concrete Research Symposia
Place of PublicationOslo
PublisherNorsk Betongforening
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventXXI Nordic Concrete Research Symposium - Hotel Rantasipi Aulanko, Hämeenlinna, Finland
Duration: 30 May 20111 Jun 2011

Publication series

SeriesNordic Concrete Research


ConferenceXXI Nordic Concrete Research Symposium


  • carbonation
  • chloride penetration
  • frost attack
  • interaction


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