Modelling of equilibrium working capacity of PSA, TSA and TVSA processes for CO2 adsorption under direct air capture conditions

Jere Elfving (Corresponding Author), Cyril Bajamundi, Juho Kauppinen, Tuomo Sainio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, direct air capture performance of polymeric adsorbent was studied by determining CO2-isotherms in very dilute conditions (CO2 partial pressure up to 5 mbar). The effect of cold conditions (0 °C and −10 °C) and humidity on the CO2 capacity was also studied. The experimental isotherms were used in temperature-dependent equilibrium modelling to simulate equilibrium CO2 working capacities in pressure-swing adsorption (PSA), temperature-swing adsorption (TSA) and temperature-vacuum swing adsorption (TVSA). Experimental adsorption capacities of 0.80 mmolCO2/gsorbent and 0.89 mmolCO2/gsorbent were obtained from 400 ppmv CO2 in dry cold conditions and at 25 °C in humid conditions, respectively. The highest experimental capacity gained from 400 ppmv CO2 was 1.06 mmolCO2/gsorbent in humid cold conditions. In terms of the working capacity, PSA was found not to be a viable process option. Humidity promoted TSA working capacity up to by 0.36 mmolCO2/gsorbent (78%). TSA could produce larger than 0.5 mmolCO2/gsorbent working capacity levels even with very low regeneration temperatures (50–60 °C) when adsorbing either in dry cold conditions or humid warm conditions. Such EWC levels with dry TVSA could only be achieved using 90 °C regeneration temperature with adsorption in either cold conditions or from compressed air. Based on these results, TVSA should only be considered in PtX applications requiring high-purity CO2.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-277
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of CO2 Utilization
Volume22
Early online date2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • CO2 capture
  • direct air capture
  • effect of humidity
  • equilibrium modelling
  • working capacity
  • CO capture

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