Modelling of multiphase chemical reactors (ModCheR): Final report

Mikko Manninen (Editor), Ulla Ojaniemi, Markus Olin, Timo Pättikangas, Maiju Seppälä, Veikko Taivassalo, Juhani Aittamaa, Ville Alopaeus, Katja M. Hynynen, S. Jussila, M. Laakkonen, Maret Liiri, P. Moilanen, Asta Nurmela, Iiro Pulkkinen, Hannu Alatalo, Henry Hatakka, J. Kallas, Arto Laari, Zuoliang ShaI. Turunen, Alf Hermanson, Sirpa Kallio, H. Eloranta, Markus Honkanen, Pentti Saarenrinne, Taija Saikkonen

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Abstract

The project "Modelling of multiphase chemical reactors (ModCheR)" was carried out by research groups from Helsinki University of Technology, VTT, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Åbo Akademi University and Tampere University of Technology. The model development was concentrated on CFD, but population balance models, cell interaction models and simple algebraic reactor models were also included. Extensive experimental work was carried out in order to provide data for model validation. Five topics were studied in the project. In crystallization, the subjects covered single crystal growth, batch crystallization and continuous crystallization. Both experimental work and model development were carried out. As gas-liquid processes, stirred reactors, bubble columns and flotation were studied. The modelling approaches included CFD and multiblock models. Modelling of trickle bed reactors involved both CFD and simpler approaches and important part of the work consisted of developing models for the interaction and dispersion terms in the equations. Work on drag reducing agents included measurements of the DR-effect in stirred reactors and pipe flow and model development for describing the effect of DRA on turbulence. In modelling of fluidised beds, models of turbulent bed and circulating bed were developed and validated, in particular, mixing of gas and solid, drag models, and macroscopic models were investigated. This final report describes the main results of the project. More detailed information can be found in the reports and publications produced in the project and referred to in this report.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages185
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-6794-3
ISBN (Print)951-38-6793-5
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes
Number2340
ISSN1235-0605

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Keywords

  • chemical reactors
  • modelling
  • multiphase flow
  • crystallization
  • computational fluid dynamics
  • trickle bed reactors
  • fluidized beds
  • fluidized bed combustion
  • drag reduction
  • gas-liquid processes
  • mass transfer
  • population balance
  • flotation

Cite this

Manninen, M. (Ed.), Ojaniemi, U., Olin, M., Pättikangas, T., Seppälä, M., Taivassalo, V., Aittamaa, J., Alopaeus, V., Hynynen, K. M., Jussila, S., Laakkonen, M., Liiri, M., Moilanen, P., Nurmela, A., Pulkkinen, I., Alatalo, H., Hatakka, H., Kallas, J., Laari, A., ... Saikkonen, T. (2006). Modelling of multiphase chemical reactors (ModCheR): Final report. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 2340 http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/tiedotteet/2006/T2340.pdf