The biomass gasification process is modelled by utilising constrained thermodynamic equilibrium. The formation of char, tar, ammonia and light hydrocarbons and related syngas composition were described by extending the conventional chemical system with additional immaterial constraints and by defining process-dependent values for these constraints. Six different model structures were evaluated from global thermodynamic equilibrium to fully constrained local equilibrium. When models were validated against gasification setups, it was not necessary to fully constrain the system, as sufficient results were obtained by implementing constraints for char, tar, ammonia, CH4 formation as well as for the amount of carbon in light hydrocarbons. The method was shown to be versatile when it was validated against other gasification setups: by altering the models defining the constraints a new gasification conditions could be simulated. A clear benefit of the proposed method is that the gasification process can be resolved as a restricted partial equilibrium with a single calculation step. Another benefit is that chemical reactions, gasification enthalpy and the states of the system are estimated concurrently.
- computational methods
- constrained Gibbs energy