Modelling synergistic effects of carbonation/chloride penetration and frost attack for service life design of concrete bridges

E. Vesikari, H. Kuosa, J. Piironen, R.M. Ferreira

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The traditional approach for the service life design of a reinforced concrete structures is typically based on the modelling of a dominating degradation mechanism or several degradation mechanisms separately. However, in real-life exposure, reinforced concrete structures are subject to the simultaneous effect of several degradation mechanisms. The Finnish DuraInt research project (Effect of Interacted Deterioration Parameters on Service Life of Concrete Structures in Cold Environments, 2008 - 2011) was setup to understand the combined effect of degradation mechanisms such as, frost attack (both internal frost attack and frost scaling), carbonation and chloride penetration, on concrete performance. In this paper the effect of frost attack on carbonation and chloride penetration is analysed. The influence may be substantial and should be taken into account when concrete is exposed to frost attack. A part of the DuraInt research project dealt with the modelling of the combined effects of degradation mechanisms. Based on the results of laboratory and in situ exposure tests, the effects of frost attack on the rate of carbonation and chloride penetration as an interacted degradation were developed. A procedure for integrating the synergistic effect of both internal frost attack and frost scaling on carbonation and chloride penetration for the service life design of reinforced concrete structures is presented based on the use of interaction factors. Results showed that, if frost attack is rapid, it is usually the dominating degradation mechanism, marginalising reinforcement corrosion initiated by carbonation or chloride penetration. If frost attack proceeds slowly, reinforcement corrosion can become dominate and the interaction effects should be considered in the service life design of reinforced concrete
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Resilience and Sustainability
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the Sixth International IABMAS Conference, Stresa, Lake Maggiore, Italy, 8-12 July 2012
PublisherCRC Press
Pages3927-3933
ISBN (Print)978-041562124-3
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event6th International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, IABMAS 2012 - Lake Maggiore, Stresa, Italy
Duration: 8 Jul 201212 Jul 2012

Conference

Conference6th International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, IABMAS 2012
Abbreviated titleIABMAS 2012
CountryItaly
CityStresa
Period8/07/1212/07/12

Fingerprint

Carbonation
Concrete bridges
Service life
Degradation
Concrete construction
Reinforced concrete
Reinforcement
Concretes
Corrosion
Deterioration

Cite this

Vesikari, E., Kuosa, H., Piironen, J., & Ferreira, R. M. (2012). Modelling synergistic effects of carbonation/chloride penetration and frost attack for service life design of concrete bridges. In Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Resilience and Sustainability: Proceedings of the Sixth International IABMAS Conference, Stresa, Lake Maggiore, Italy, 8-12 July 2012 (pp. 3927-3933). CRC Press.
Vesikari, E. ; Kuosa, H. ; Piironen, J. ; Ferreira, R.M. / Modelling synergistic effects of carbonation/chloride penetration and frost attack for service life design of concrete bridges. Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Resilience and Sustainability: Proceedings of the Sixth International IABMAS Conference, Stresa, Lake Maggiore, Italy, 8-12 July 2012. CRC Press, 2012. pp. 3927-3933
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abstract = "The traditional approach for the service life design of a reinforced concrete structures is typically based on the modelling of a dominating degradation mechanism or several degradation mechanisms separately. However, in real-life exposure, reinforced concrete structures are subject to the simultaneous effect of several degradation mechanisms. The Finnish DuraInt research project (Effect of Interacted Deterioration Parameters on Service Life of Concrete Structures in Cold Environments, 2008 - 2011) was setup to understand the combined effect of degradation mechanisms such as, frost attack (both internal frost attack and frost scaling), carbonation and chloride penetration, on concrete performance. In this paper the effect of frost attack on carbonation and chloride penetration is analysed. The influence may be substantial and should be taken into account when concrete is exposed to frost attack. A part of the DuraInt research project dealt with the modelling of the combined effects of degradation mechanisms. Based on the results of laboratory and in situ exposure tests, the effects of frost attack on the rate of carbonation and chloride penetration as an interacted degradation were developed. A procedure for integrating the synergistic effect of both internal frost attack and frost scaling on carbonation and chloride penetration for the service life design of reinforced concrete structures is presented based on the use of interaction factors. Results showed that, if frost attack is rapid, it is usually the dominating degradation mechanism, marginalising reinforcement corrosion initiated by carbonation or chloride penetration. If frost attack proceeds slowly, reinforcement corrosion can become dominate and the interaction effects should be considered in the service life design of reinforced concrete",
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Vesikari, E, Kuosa, H, Piironen, J & Ferreira, RM 2012, Modelling synergistic effects of carbonation/chloride penetration and frost attack for service life design of concrete bridges. in Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Resilience and Sustainability: Proceedings of the Sixth International IABMAS Conference, Stresa, Lake Maggiore, Italy, 8-12 July 2012. CRC Press, pp. 3927-3933, 6th International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, IABMAS 2012, Stresa, Italy, 8/07/12.

Modelling synergistic effects of carbonation/chloride penetration and frost attack for service life design of concrete bridges. / Vesikari, E.; Kuosa, H.; Piironen, J.; Ferreira, R.M.

Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Resilience and Sustainability: Proceedings of the Sixth International IABMAS Conference, Stresa, Lake Maggiore, Italy, 8-12 July 2012. CRC Press, 2012. p. 3927-3933.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Modelling synergistic effects of carbonation/chloride penetration and frost attack for service life design of concrete bridges

AU - Vesikari, E.

AU - Kuosa, H.

AU - Piironen, J.

AU - Ferreira, R.M.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - The traditional approach for the service life design of a reinforced concrete structures is typically based on the modelling of a dominating degradation mechanism or several degradation mechanisms separately. However, in real-life exposure, reinforced concrete structures are subject to the simultaneous effect of several degradation mechanisms. The Finnish DuraInt research project (Effect of Interacted Deterioration Parameters on Service Life of Concrete Structures in Cold Environments, 2008 - 2011) was setup to understand the combined effect of degradation mechanisms such as, frost attack (both internal frost attack and frost scaling), carbonation and chloride penetration, on concrete performance. In this paper the effect of frost attack on carbonation and chloride penetration is analysed. The influence may be substantial and should be taken into account when concrete is exposed to frost attack. A part of the DuraInt research project dealt with the modelling of the combined effects of degradation mechanisms. Based on the results of laboratory and in situ exposure tests, the effects of frost attack on the rate of carbonation and chloride penetration as an interacted degradation were developed. A procedure for integrating the synergistic effect of both internal frost attack and frost scaling on carbonation and chloride penetration for the service life design of reinforced concrete structures is presented based on the use of interaction factors. Results showed that, if frost attack is rapid, it is usually the dominating degradation mechanism, marginalising reinforcement corrosion initiated by carbonation or chloride penetration. If frost attack proceeds slowly, reinforcement corrosion can become dominate and the interaction effects should be considered in the service life design of reinforced concrete

AB - The traditional approach for the service life design of a reinforced concrete structures is typically based on the modelling of a dominating degradation mechanism or several degradation mechanisms separately. However, in real-life exposure, reinforced concrete structures are subject to the simultaneous effect of several degradation mechanisms. The Finnish DuraInt research project (Effect of Interacted Deterioration Parameters on Service Life of Concrete Structures in Cold Environments, 2008 - 2011) was setup to understand the combined effect of degradation mechanisms such as, frost attack (both internal frost attack and frost scaling), carbonation and chloride penetration, on concrete performance. In this paper the effect of frost attack on carbonation and chloride penetration is analysed. The influence may be substantial and should be taken into account when concrete is exposed to frost attack. A part of the DuraInt research project dealt with the modelling of the combined effects of degradation mechanisms. Based on the results of laboratory and in situ exposure tests, the effects of frost attack on the rate of carbonation and chloride penetration as an interacted degradation were developed. A procedure for integrating the synergistic effect of both internal frost attack and frost scaling on carbonation and chloride penetration for the service life design of reinforced concrete structures is presented based on the use of interaction factors. Results showed that, if frost attack is rapid, it is usually the dominating degradation mechanism, marginalising reinforcement corrosion initiated by carbonation or chloride penetration. If frost attack proceeds slowly, reinforcement corrosion can become dominate and the interaction effects should be considered in the service life design of reinforced concrete

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 978-041562124-3

SP - 3927

EP - 3933

BT - Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Resilience and Sustainability

PB - CRC Press

ER -

Vesikari E, Kuosa H, Piironen J, Ferreira RM. Modelling synergistic effects of carbonation/chloride penetration and frost attack for service life design of concrete bridges. In Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Resilience and Sustainability: Proceedings of the Sixth International IABMAS Conference, Stresa, Lake Maggiore, Italy, 8-12 July 2012. CRC Press. 2012. p. 3927-3933