Models for fast modelling of district heating and cooling networks

Itzal del Hoyo Arce, Saioa Herrero López, Susana López Perez, Miika Rämä, Krzysztof Klobut, Jesus A. Febres

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    94 Citations (Scopus)


    Within the framework of AMBASSADOR, a collaborative project funded by European Commission under FP7, a Modelica® library for the modelling of thermal-energy transport in district heating systems has been developed. This library comprises detailed models of the distribution and consumption components commonly found in district heating systems. In this paper, the detailed models are discussed, along with their validation against Apros® and IDA-ICE® Software. The results show that, although most of the models perform similarly, they do not equally reproduce the dynamics. Some of the limitations detected from the simulation results are currently being solved in new developments within the EU-funded INDIGO project. Furthermore, with the aim of avoiding problems derived from the simulation of large models, the methodology for developing reduced mathematical models, implemented in Simulink® is also presented in this research work. This methodology includes identifying the relevant includes identifying the relevant model dynamics. During the procedure, additional information about the models can be obtained. For instance, the mass flow rate and the temperature can be assumed to be decoupled, without losing accuracy in the case of the distribution pipe model.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1863-1873
    JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
    Issue numberPart 2
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    Part of this work was carried out within the AMBASSADOR project that received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013) under grant agreement No 314175. The newest research leading to the results presented in this paper is undertaken in the framework of project INDIGO, which has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 696098.


    • Aprosr
    • detailed physical model
    • district heating modelling
    • IDA-ICEr
    • Modelicar
    • reduced model
    • District heating modelling
    • Modelica®
    • Reduced model
    • Detailed physical model
    • Apros®
    • IDA-ICE®


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