Models for the growth of rime, glaze, icicles and wet snow on structures

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

192 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ice accretion on structures is discussed with an emphasis on estimating structural design iceloads and solving operational icing problems. Basic principles of modelling of icing caused by freezing precipitation, cloud droplets and wet snow, as well as simulation of icicle growth, are presented. Theoretical models of atmospheric ice accretion are critically reviewed, particularly with respect to the simulation of the relevant physical processes. The reasons for the difficulties in simulating some icing phenomena accurately are analysed and proposals for further improvements in the models are made.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2913 - 2939
Number of pages27
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Volume358
Issue number1776
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

glazes
Glazes
Accretion
ice formation
snow
Snow
Ice
Structural Design
Precipitation (meteorology)
Freezing
Physical process
ice
Structural design
Droplet
Theoretical Model
structural design
Simulation
freezing
proposals
estimating

Keywords

  • ice
  • ice accretion
  • structures
  • icing
  • icicles
  • modeling

Cite this

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title = "Models for the growth of rime, glaze, icicles and wet snow on structures",
abstract = "Ice accretion on structures is discussed with an emphasis on estimating structural design iceloads and solving operational icing problems. Basic principles of modelling of icing caused by freezing precipitation, cloud droplets and wet snow, as well as simulation of icicle growth, are presented. Theoretical models of atmospheric ice accretion are critically reviewed, particularly with respect to the simulation of the relevant physical processes. The reasons for the difficulties in simulating some icing phenomena accurately are analysed and proposals for further improvements in the models are made.",
keywords = "ice, ice accretion, structures, icing, icicles, modeling",
author = "Lasse Makkonen",
year = "2000",
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pages = "2913 -- 2939",
journal = "Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences",
issn = "1364-503X",
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}

Models for the growth of rime, glaze, icicles and wet snow on structures. / Makkonen, Lasse.

In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 358, No. 1776, 2000, p. 2913 - 2939.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Models for the growth of rime, glaze, icicles and wet snow on structures

AU - Makkonen, Lasse

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Ice accretion on structures is discussed with an emphasis on estimating structural design iceloads and solving operational icing problems. Basic principles of modelling of icing caused by freezing precipitation, cloud droplets and wet snow, as well as simulation of icicle growth, are presented. Theoretical models of atmospheric ice accretion are critically reviewed, particularly with respect to the simulation of the relevant physical processes. The reasons for the difficulties in simulating some icing phenomena accurately are analysed and proposals for further improvements in the models are made.

AB - Ice accretion on structures is discussed with an emphasis on estimating structural design iceloads and solving operational icing problems. Basic principles of modelling of icing caused by freezing precipitation, cloud droplets and wet snow, as well as simulation of icicle growth, are presented. Theoretical models of atmospheric ice accretion are critically reviewed, particularly with respect to the simulation of the relevant physical processes. The reasons for the difficulties in simulating some icing phenomena accurately are analysed and proposals for further improvements in the models are made.

KW - ice

KW - ice accretion

KW - structures

KW - icing

KW - icicles

KW - modeling

U2 - 10.1098/rsta.2000.0690

DO - 10.1098/rsta.2000.0690

M3 - Article

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SP - 2913

EP - 2939

JO - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences

JF - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences

SN - 1364-503X

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