Modification of starch properties with plasticizers

Kaisa Poutanen, Pirkko Forssell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Starch is a homopolymer of glucopyranose units, but consists of two alpha-types of polymers: alpha(1,4)-linked, essentially linear amylose, and alpha(1,4)- and alpha(1,6)-linked amylopectin with a highly branched structure. In most applications, the semicrystalline, native starch granule structure is either destroyed or reorganized, or both. Water is the usual plasticizer in starch processing, and the physical properties of starch are greatly influenced by the amount of water present. Recently, the use of other plasticizers, such as low molecular weight alcohols, has received much attention, especially for the production of thermoplastic starches. This review discusses the influences of water and other plasticizers on the physical properties of starch. Recent developments for production of starch-based thermoplastics are described. These materials are expected to find increasing use in biodegradable plastics in a range of non-food uses.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-132
Number of pages5
JournalTrends in Polymer Science
Volume4
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1996
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

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plasticizers
starch
thermoplastics
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biodegradability
water
amylopectin
starch granules
amylose
polymers
alcohols
plastics
molecular weight

Cite this

Poutanen, Kaisa ; Forssell, Pirkko. / Modification of starch properties with plasticizers. In: Trends in Polymer Science. 1996 ; Vol. 4, No. 4. pp. 128-132.
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abstract = "Starch is a homopolymer of glucopyranose units, but consists of two alpha-types of polymers: alpha(1,4)-linked, essentially linear amylose, and alpha(1,4)- and alpha(1,6)-linked amylopectin with a highly branched structure. In most applications, the semicrystalline, native starch granule structure is either destroyed or reorganized, or both. Water is the usual plasticizer in starch processing, and the physical properties of starch are greatly influenced by the amount of water present. Recently, the use of other plasticizers, such as low molecular weight alcohols, has received much attention, especially for the production of thermoplastic starches. This review discusses the influences of water and other plasticizers on the physical properties of starch. Recent developments for production of starch-based thermoplastics are described. These materials are expected to find increasing use in biodegradable plastics in a range of non-food uses.",
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Modification of starch properties with plasticizers. / Poutanen, Kaisa; Forssell, Pirkko.

In: Trends in Polymer Science, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1996, p. 128-132.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modification of starch properties with plasticizers

AU - Poutanen, Kaisa

AU - Forssell, Pirkko

N1 - Project code: BEL4281

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - Starch is a homopolymer of glucopyranose units, but consists of two alpha-types of polymers: alpha(1,4)-linked, essentially linear amylose, and alpha(1,4)- and alpha(1,6)-linked amylopectin with a highly branched structure. In most applications, the semicrystalline, native starch granule structure is either destroyed or reorganized, or both. Water is the usual plasticizer in starch processing, and the physical properties of starch are greatly influenced by the amount of water present. Recently, the use of other plasticizers, such as low molecular weight alcohols, has received much attention, especially for the production of thermoplastic starches. This review discusses the influences of water and other plasticizers on the physical properties of starch. Recent developments for production of starch-based thermoplastics are described. These materials are expected to find increasing use in biodegradable plastics in a range of non-food uses.

AB - Starch is a homopolymer of glucopyranose units, but consists of two alpha-types of polymers: alpha(1,4)-linked, essentially linear amylose, and alpha(1,4)- and alpha(1,6)-linked amylopectin with a highly branched structure. In most applications, the semicrystalline, native starch granule structure is either destroyed or reorganized, or both. Water is the usual plasticizer in starch processing, and the physical properties of starch are greatly influenced by the amount of water present. Recently, the use of other plasticizers, such as low molecular weight alcohols, has received much attention, especially for the production of thermoplastic starches. This review discusses the influences of water and other plasticizers on the physical properties of starch. Recent developments for production of starch-based thermoplastics are described. These materials are expected to find increasing use in biodegradable plastics in a range of non-food uses.

M3 - Review Article

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EP - 132

JO - Trends in Polymer Science

JF - Trends in Polymer Science

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