Modular modification of xylan with UV-initiated thiol-ene reaction

Leena Nurmi (Corresponding Author), Reeta Salminen, Harri Setälä

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    Birch xylan was functionalized with various thiols through UV initiated radical thiol-ene reaction under mild conditions. Xylan was allylated through etherification with allyl glycidyl ether under alkaline conditions. The allylated xylan was then reacted with thiols containing varying functional groups: trimethylbenzyl mercaptan, dodecanethiol, thioglycolic acid, l-cysteine and cysteamine hydrochloride. The reactions were conducted under homogeneous conditions at room temperature, either in water (hydrophilic thiols) or in DMF (hydrophobic thiols). The effect of reaction parameters to the functionalization efficiency was studied, including, for example, thiol excess, thiol character, initiator amount and reaction mixture concentration. The reactions were fast and 100% conversion of allyl groups was reached in most cases, sometimes already within 10 min. Water as solvent resulted generally in faster reactions when compared to DMF, and it was possible to conduct the aqueous reaction even without added UV initiator. It was also possible to incorporate two functionalities simultaneously during one reaction into the xylan structure.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)63-69
    JournalCarbohydrate Research
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • xylan
    • chemical functionalization
    • thiol-ene chemistry


    Dive into the research topics of 'Modular modification of xylan with UV-initiated thiol-ene reaction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this