Molecular modelling approach on fouling of the plate heat exchanger: titanium hydroxyls, silanols and sulphates on TiO2 surfaces

Eini Puhakka, Markus Riihimäki, Riitta L. Keiski

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Molecular modelling is a novel approach in the field of fouling research. Method was used to calculate fouling reactions and molecular level interactions between heat transfer surface and flowing fluid. The focus was on the comparison of reaction mechanism of Ti(OH)4 and that of Si(OH)4 on rutile (101) surface. The calculated reaction energies indicate strong chemical bonding via condensation reaction of titanium(IV) hydroxyls and weak hydrogen bonding of silanols without chemical reaction on the surface. Chemical composition and structural properties of fouling layers from real process were characterized. On the heat transfer surfaces, deposits containing titanium had dense structure and were very difficult to clean while silica was porous and amorphous causing less severe problems in cleaning. Molecular modelling was found to be an effective tool in predicting reaction mechanisms and interaction forces between the fouling fluid and heat transfer surface at molecular level.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHeat Exchanger Fouling and Cleaning
Subtitle of host publicationChallenges and Opportunities
EditorsHans Müller-Steinhagen, M. Reza Malayeri, A. Paul Watkinson
Pages303 - 309
Publication statusPublished - 2005
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event6th International Conference on Heat Exchanger Fouling and Cleaning - Challenges and Opportunities, 5-10 June 2005, Kloster Irsee, Germany -
Duration: 1 Jan 2005 → …

Publication series

SeriesECI Symposium Series
VolumeRP2

Conference

Conference6th International Conference on Heat Exchanger Fouling and Cleaning - Challenges and Opportunities, 5-10 June 2005, Kloster Irsee, Germany
Period1/01/05 → …

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Keywords

  • molecular modelling
  • chemical modelling

Cite this

Puhakka, E., Riihimäki, M., & Keiski, R. L. (2005). Molecular modelling approach on fouling of the plate heat exchanger: titanium hydroxyls, silanols and sulphates on TiO2 surfaces. In H. Müller-Steinhagen, M. R. Malayeri, & A. P. Watkinson (Eds.), Heat Exchanger Fouling and Cleaning: Challenges and Opportunities (pp. 303 - 309). ECI Symposium Series, Vol.. RP2