Monitoring environmental performance of the forestry supply chain using RFID

A. Björk, M. Erlandsson, Janne Häkli, Kaarle Jaakkola, A. Nilsson, Kaj Nummila, V. Puntanen, A. Sirkka (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)


It is estimated that wood raw material worth of approximately €5 billion is wasted annually in Europe. The major reason for this is that the raw material is not used in the most efficient way as information needed regarding the wood raw material is not available throughout the supply chain. An automatic traceability system makes it possible to utilise raw material information efficiently throughout the forestry-wood production chain and to maximize the raw material yield, and to optimise and to monitor the environmental impact, by linking the relevant information to the traced objects. This paper describes novel RFID technology and traceability solutions that have been developed for the wood products industry. RFID-marking connects the physical objects with their database counterparts thus allowing automatic tracing of the objects. The architecture is needed to the dynamic and decentralised nature of the wood industry. The developed novel RFID based technology allows tracing of individual logs from the tree felling to the sawing of the logs at the saw mill. By combining the traceability and process information systems, new methods are enabled for analysing the performance of the supply chain. As an example, the environmental performance of a product can be traced and analysed even on an individual level. This means that not only the performance from the own production of a manufacturer will be accessible, but also the upstream processes that constitute the product value chain and the life cycle performance for the product leaving the manufacturer.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)830-841
Number of pages12
JournalComputers in Industry
Issue number8-9
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Environmental monitoring
  • forest industry
  • LCA
  • RFID


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